Dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.
Atomistic structure of diamond. Alfredo Correa, Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab.
Liquid hydrocarbons under pressure. Leonardo Spanu, Shell, Bangalore.
The Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community seeks to achieve a transformative understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.
Inventory possible carbon-bearing phases in Earth’s mantle and core
Achieve a fundamental understanding of carbon in Earth’s core
Characterize the physical and thermochemical properties of deep-Earth phases at relevant pressure and temperature conditions
Develop environmental chambers to access carbon-bearing samples in new regimes of pressure and temperature under controlled conditions (e.g., pH, fO2) and with increased sample volumes and enhanced sample analysis and recovery capabilities
Achieve a fundamental understanding of carbon bonding at conditions equivalent to the cores of Jovian planets
Implement an integrated carbon algorithm-software-hardware computational facility (iCASH) for multi-scale deep carbon simulations
How do the physical and chemical properties of carbon change in Earth’s deep interior?
What is the nature and extent of carbon in Earth’s core?
How do extreme temperatures and pressures affect carbon’s interactions with other elements?
Are there as yet undiscovered high-pressure carbon minerals in Earth’s deep interior?
Can we simulate the conditions of deep Earth and other planets in the lab?
The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) is a global community of multi-disciplinary scientists unlocking the inner secrets of Earth through investigations into life, energy, and the fundamentally unique chemistry of carbon.