DCO10 Decade of Discovery, Catalyst for the FutureDeep Carbon Observatory

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Gases from Manam volcano blend with low clouds in this image captured by one of the drones from the DCO ABOVE expedition.

DCO ABOVE (Aerial-based Observations of Volcanic Emissions) is a project to explore volcanic emissions in Papua New Guinea using cutting-edge drone technologies. Led by Emma Liu of the University of Cambridge, UK, the expedition will see an international team of scientists collaborating with local volcano observatories to investigate these strongly degassing volcanoes. Read more about part one of the project here.

DCO Press Release Scientists Estimate Total Carbon on Earth

Scientists update estimates of Earth’s immense interior carbon reservoirs, and how much carbon Deep Earth naturally swallows and exhales....

DCO Research The PUSH for High-Pressure Microbiology

A large portion of deep-sea and subsurface organisms elude study due to the challenges posed by sampling and culturing microbes living in high-pressure environments. New technological advances and the use of pressurized culturing systems, such as the DCO-funded Pressurized Underwater Sampler Handler (PUSH50), may one day lead to better estimates of the diversity and activities of microbes in the subsurface....

DCO Highlights 2019 DCO Emerging Leader Awards

The Deep Carbon Observatory is delighted to announce the 2019 recipients of its Emerging Leader Award....

DCO Research Microbes in Deccan Traps Go to Extremes

New research into subsurface life within the Deccan Traps, a vast, multi-layered 65-million-year-old lava flow in India, revealed distinct archaeal communities living within the volcanic rock and the underlying granite basement rock. Researchers also grew communities of pressure-tolerant species from a Deccan Traps aquifer, and investigated genes that may help them survive in this extreme environment. ...

DCO Research Carbon Dioxide in Deep Waters: Sparkling Water or Acid?

Computer simulations suggest that when carbon dioxide dissolves in water under conditions in the upper mantle, it primarily turns into carbonic acid. The presence of carbonic acid in the mantle has the potential to impact water-rock reactions significantly and affect the movement of carbon in the subsurface....


Learn more about DCO's integrative approach, which emphasizes cross-disciplinary research activities in data science, instrumentation, field studies, and modeling and visualization, or discover deep carbon research by exploring DCO books, special issues, and journal articles.

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Extreme Physics and Chemistry Dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.
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Reservoirs and Fluxes Dedicated to identifying deep carbon reservoirs, determining how carbon moves among these reservoirs, and assessing Earth’s total carbon budget.
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Deep Energy Dedicated to understanding the volume and rates of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.
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Deep Life Dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere.
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