DCO10 Decade of Discovery, Catalyst for the FutureDeep Carbon Observatory

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Gases from Manam volcano blend with low clouds in this image captured by one of the drones from the DCO ABOVE expedition.

DCO ABOVE (Aerial-based Observations of Volcanic Emissions) is a project to explore volcanic emissions in Papua New Guinea using cutting-edge drone technologies. Led by Emma Liu of the University of Cambridge, UK, the expedition will see an international team of scientists collaborating with local volcano observatories to investigate these strongly degassing volcanoes. Read more about part one of the project here.

DCO Research Deep Carbon: Past to Present

A new book, Deep Carbon: Past to Present, compiles 10 years of DCO research. The volume serves as a comprehensive reference on the quantities, movements, forms, and origins of carbon in Earth through deep time, for graduate students and scientists in related fields....

DCO Research When the Carbon Cycle Went Awry

In a special collection of papers in Elements, DCO scientists highlight catastrophic disruptions to the deep carbon cycle during Earth’s history. The research underscores the magnitude of current human carbon dioxide emissions and puts into historical perspective its potential impact on Earth’s climate....

DCO Research All Kimberlites Erupted from Same Deep Reservoir

A new study finds that eruptions of kimberlite, a carbon-rich rock that commonly bears diamonds, all came from a single reservoir in the deep mantle. This reservoir was isolated until a few hundred million years ago, around the time that the supercontinent Pangaea split apart. ...

DCO Press Release Scientists Estimate Total Carbon on Earth

Scientists update estimates of Earth’s immense interior carbon reservoirs, and how much carbon Deep Earth naturally swallows and exhales....

DCO Research The PUSH for High-Pressure Microbiology

A large portion of deep-sea and subsurface organisms elude study due to the challenges posed by sampling and culturing microbes living in high-pressure environments. New technological advances and the use of pressurized culturing systems, such as the DCO-funded Pressurized Underwater Sampler Handler (PUSH50), may one day lead to better estimates of the diversity and activities of microbes in the subsurface....


Learn more about DCO's integrative approach, which emphasizes cross-disciplinary research activities in data science, instrumentation, field studies, and modeling and visualization, or discover deep carbon research by exploring DCO books, special issues, and journal articles.

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Extreme Physics and Chemistry Dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.
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Reservoirs and Fluxes Dedicated to identifying deep carbon reservoirs, determining how carbon moves among these reservoirs, and assessing Earth’s total carbon budget.
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Deep Energy Dedicated to understanding the volume and rates of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.
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Deep Life Dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere.
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