Deep Carbon Observatory Executive Committee

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ausubel@rockefeller.edu(Jesse Ausubel), Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (USA)

Jesse Ausubel serves as director and senior research associate of the Program for the Human Environment of Rockefeller University. He is also a science advisor to, and former vice-president of programs at, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, where his main area of responsibility is supporting basic research in science and technology, including the Deep Carbon Observatory. Ausubel was one of the founders of the field of industrial ecology, served as the founding chair of the Encyclopedia of Life, and under the auspices of the Sloan Foundation developed an international program, the Census of Marine Life, to assess the diversity, distribution, and abundance of marine life, a task never before attempted at this scale. He also was instrumental in organizing the first UN World Climate Conference held in Geneva in 1979.

jbaross@u.washington.edu(John Baross), University of Washington (USA)

Dr. John A. Baross is a professor in oceanography and the astrobiology program at the University of Washington, USA. An oceanographer and astrobiologist, Baross studies life in extreme environments—the ecology, evolution, physiology, and taxonomy of microorganisms that make their home around hydrothermal vents on the seafloor and in the deep subseafloor. More broadly, he is interested in the origins of life and the possibility of life on other planetary bodies. In recognition of his work, he was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, and is also a member of the American Society for Microbiology, the American Chemical Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the International Society for the Study of the Origin and Evolution of Life.

taras.bryndzia[at]shell.com(Taras Bryndzia), Shell International Exploration & Production, Inc. (USA)

Dr. L. Taras Bryndzia has held professional research positions at the University of Chicago (Senior Research Fellow), Northwestern University (Research Faculty), and at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, where he was a research geoscientist at the National Risk Management Research Laboratory in Cincinnati, Ohio. Currently a principal research geochemist in the Petrophysics and Geomechanics team at the Shell Technology Center in Houston, he conducts geochemical research on mineral diagenesis (physical and chemical changes occurring during the conversion of sediment to sedimentary rock), rock and fluid interactions, as well as stable isotope studies of brines and gases for both conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon resource plays. Bryndzia also holds positions as the subject matter expert for inorganic geochemistry and as principal science expert for Earth sciences for Shell.

cole.618@osu.edu (David Cole), The Ohio State University (USA)

Dr. David Cole is a professor and Ohio Research Scholar in the School of Earth Sciences at The Ohio State University. A geochemist, his research interests span a number of sub-disciplines in the geosciences and chemistry, and include both low temperature and high temperature studies relevant to energy systems. He is the OSU Interim Director of the Subsurface Energy Resource Center, Director of the OSU Subsurface Energy Materials Characterization and Analysis Laboratory. Cole serves on DCO's Synthesis Group 2019 and served previously as chair of the Deep Energy Community.

isabelle.daniel[at]univ-lyon1.fr (Isabelle Daniel), Université Claude Bernard Lyon1 (France)

Prof. Isabelle Daniel’s research interests focus on geobiology and minerals/rocks under extreme conditions. In her work, she employs advanced in situ experimental and analytical methods such as Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. She investigates serpentinization and serpentine minerals, fluid-rock interactions at high pressure and microorganisms under extreme conditions. Daniel is a faculty member in Earth Sciences at the Université Claude Bernard Lyon1 in France, where she is also affiliated with the Laboratoire de Geologie de Lyon and chairs the Observatoire de Lyon. Because of the depth and breadth of her research, Daniel serves as chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Deep Energy Community and as a member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Deep Life Community.  She is also active in the DCO’s Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community.

dingwell[at]lmu.de (Donald Dingwell), Ludwig Maximilian University (Germany)

Dr. Donald Bruce Dingwell is chair of Mineralogy and Petrology and director of the Department of Geo- and Environmental Sciences at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. He has served as secretary general of the European Research Council, and president of the European Geosciences Union, and is the current president (through 2019) of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior. Dingwell has been recognized on a number of occasions for his work to advance geosciences, including in 2016, when he was awarded the Arthur L. Day Medal by the Geological Society of America.  Dingwell’s current research focuses on experimental investigations of the physics and chemistry of magmas and melts, and their volcanological, geochemical, and petrological significance, magma rheology, and experimental volcanology.  

me201@cam.ac.uk (Marie Edmonds), University of Cambridge (UK)

Dr. Marie Edmonds, a reader in Earth Sciences at the University of Cambridge, is responsible for overall scientific and intellectual oversight of the synthesis and integration activities. She is a mid-career researcher who has built a successful group focused on understanding volatile cycling in the solid Earth. She has a number of leadership roles within the Natural Environment Research Council (the United Kingdom’s primary funding agency) and the Geological Society of London. In addition to serving on DCO’s Executive Committee, Edmonds chairs DCO’s Synthesis Group 2019 and has served as co-chair of the Reservoirs and Fluxes community since November 2014.

pfox@cs.rpi.edu (Peter Fox), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (USA)

Dr. Peter Fox is professor and Tetherless World Research Constellation chair at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. Fox's research and education agenda covers the fields of data science and analytics, ocean and environmental informatics, materials informatics, computational logic, semantic Web, cognitive bias, semantic data frameworks, and solar and solar-terrestrial physics. Fox works to ensure that his is research is applied to large-scale distributed networks and data science collaborations. Fox leads DCO’s Data Science Team and is a member of Synthesis Group 2019.

ehauri[at]ciw.edu(Erik Hauri), Carnegie Institution for Science (USA)

Dr. Erik Hauri is a staff scientist in geochemistry in the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, DC.  His research interests are broad, spanning from the isotopic and chemical evolution of the Earth's deep interior to modeling of flow and melting in mantle plumes to high-pressure experimental petrology to secondary ion mass spectrometry.  He strives to understand how planetary processes affect the chemistry of the Earth, Moon and other objects, and to use that chemistry to understand the origin and evolution of planetary bodies. Hauri was named Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and Geochemical Society, and awarded the F. G. Houtermans Medal by the European Association of Geochemistry and the James B. Macelwane Medal by the American Geophysical Union. He serves as co-chair of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Reservoir and Fluxes Community. 

rhazen@ciw.edu(Robert Hazen), Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science (USA)

DCO’s Executive Director Robert Hazen is a mineralogist and astrobiologist. He is a research scientist at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, DC, and professor of Earth Science at George Mason University. Hazen is author of more than 400 articles and 20 books on science, history, and music.  His recent research focuses on the role of minerals in the origin of life, including such processes as mineral-catalyzed organic synthesis and the selective adsorption of organic molecules on mineral surfaces. He has also developed a new approach to mineralogy, called "mineral evolution," which explores the co-evolution of the geo- and biospheres. His work has been recognized by Fellowship in the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Geological Society of America, the Geochemical Society, and the Mineralogical Society of America. He was the 2016 recipient of the Roebling Medal—the highest award in mineralogy, and has received many other science research awards. The mineral hazenite was named in his honor.

rhemley[at]ciw.edu(Russell J. Hemley), George Washington University (USA)

Dr. Russell J. Hemley explores the nature of materials in extreme environments, specifically high pressures and temperatures. The work includes high-pressure experimental and theoretical studies in chemistry and physics, earth and planetary science, soft matter and biology, and the creation of new materials for technology using extreme conditions. After three decades at the Geophysical Laboratory and the Carnegie Institution of Washington, he moved to George Washington University where he is a research professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. He also serves as the director of the Department of Energy/Carnegie Alliance, director of Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments, chair of the JASON Advisory Group, and co-executive director of the Deep Carbon Observatory. Hemley is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, member of the National Academy of Sciences, corresponding fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and Honoris Causa Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

khinrichs[at]uni-bremen.de(Kai-Uwe Hinrichs), University of Bremen (Germany)

Dr. Kai-Uwe Hinrichs is a biogeochemist and organic geochemist best known for his research of microbial life below the ocean bed - the deep biosphere, methane biogeochemistry, and microbial lipid biomarkers. Hinrichs is a professor at the University of Bremen, and heads the Organic Chemistry Group at the MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences and is co-leader of MARUM's Research Unit, Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions. He was co-chief scientist of Expedition 337 of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program onboard the drilling vessel Chikyū, which set the current world record for the deepest microbial life ever detected, at nearly 2.5 km below the seafloor. Hinrichs is a recipient of two Advanced Grants from the European Research Council and has been a member of the Board of Reviewing Editors of Science since 2011.

jaupart@ipgp.fr(Claude Jaupart), TF2020 Chair, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (France)

Dr. Claude Jaupart, is a professor at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris and at the Université Paris-Diderot, where has made major contributions to several areas of solid Earth science. His contributions include understanding the physics of volcanic eruptions, igneous processes in magma chambers and intrusions, geodynamics, in particular related to mantle convection and the role of continents, and heat flow in Earth. His work ranges from geophysical fluid dynamics to heat transport problems. He has recently co-authored a treatise on Heat Generation and Transport in the Earth. Jaupart is leading Task Force 2020, whose charge is to continue deep carbon science after the culmination of DCO in 2019. 

adrian.jones@ucl.ac.uk (Adrian Jones), University College London (UK)

Dr. Adrian Jones is a reader in petrology at the University College London, where he teaches igneous petrology and works on shocked materials. His laboratory uses high-pressure solid-state multi-anvil presses to quantify materials and melting behavior in Earth’s mantle and the transport of materials to sites of volcanic eruptions. He is particularly interested in the deep carbon cycle—where deep carbon is stored and how it is entrained back to the surface in carbon-rich magmas. Jones was a founding member of the Deep Carbon Observatory and continues to serve on its Executive Committee, as well as a member of Synthesis Group 2019. 

lhkellogg@ucdavis.edu (Louise Kellogg), University of California Davis (USA)

Dr. Louise Kellogg is a geophysicist with expertise in chemical geodynamics and computational geophysics and experience leading multidisciplinary teams to advance geodynamics modeling and scientific visualization. She is a professor at the University of California Davis and director of the Computational Infrastructure for Geodynamics, a geoinformatics program supported by the US National Science Foundation to advance Earth science research by developing and disseminating software for geophysics and related fields.  She also heads the W. M. Keck Center for Active Visualization in Earth Sciences (KeckCAVES), which provides expertise on scientific visualization of complex data and models.  Kellogg also lends her expertise to DCO as a member of Synthesis Group 2019. 

klloydl[at]utk.edu (Karen Lloyd), University of Tennessee (USA)

Dr. Karen Lloyd is an assistant professor in the Department of Microbiology at the University of Tennessee, USA. A marine microbiologist, Lloyd’s research focuses on transformations of organic matter and C1 compounds in the deep marine subsurface. She uses single cell genomics to determine carbon and energy sources for the vast uncharacterized majority of marine microorganisms in hydrothermal vents, cold methane seeps, deep oceanic sediments, and coastal estuaries and bays. Lloyd has participated in six oceanographic cruises, and served as scientific leader for six coastal field expeditions. Honored as a 2015 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow in Ocean Sciences, Lloyd is actively involved in DCO’s field investigation “Biology meets Subduction,” helping to lead many early career scientists in a multi-disciplinary sampling expedition.

manning[at]ess.ucla.edu (Craig E. Manning), University of California, Los Angeles (USA)

Dr. Craig Manning is a professor of Geology and Geochemistry in Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, and serves as department vice-chair at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests include water chemistry, thermodynamics, gas chemistry, geochemistry, igneous petrology, and metamorphic petrology. Manning is a fellow and past counselor of the Mineralogical Society of America. He serves on the advisory board of Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems, and is associate editor of the American Journal of Science. Manning chairs DCO’s Executive Committee and the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community. He also is a member of the Reservoirs and Fluxes community, as well as Synthesis Group 2019.

ohtani[at]m.tohoku.ac.jp (Eiji Ohtani), Tohoku University (Japan)

Dr. Eiji Ohtani is a geophysicist, who teaches and conducts research at Tohoku University in Sendai, Japan. He is an expert in high-pressure geophysics, with current research in experimental petrology, mineral physics, comparative planetology, and the structure and evolution of Earth and planets. Ohtani is a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America and the American Geophysical Union. He serves as president of the Commission of Physics of Minerals of the International Mineralogical Association, and is a member of the Japan Science Council, where he also chairs the Japanese Committee for the International Mineralogical Association. A founding member of the Deep Carbon Observatory, Ohtani is also a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences.

tplank[at]ldeo.columbia.edu (Terry Plank), Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (USA)

Dr. Terry Ann Plank is a geochemist, volcanologist, and professor of Earth Science at Columbia College, Columbia University, and the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory. Plank has spent her career researching magma and volcanoes. One specific area of her research is how the chemical composition of magma and crystals that form during eruption can provide information about the amount of water present during an eruption and explain how explosive it was. She has done field work around the ring of fire, Philippines, Nicaragua, Iceland, and across the southwest United States as well as the Aleutian Islands. She is a 2012 MacArthur Fellow and also received the Houtermans Medal from the European Association for Geochemistry as well as the Donath Medal from the Geological Society of America. Plank was elected to the National Academy of Science in 2013 and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2016.

Photo credit: Macfound.org

rpockalny@uri.edu(Robert Pockalny), University of Rhode Island (USA)

Dr. Rob Pockalny is a marine research scientist at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. His research and education interests span a broad range of topics including plate tectonics, seafloor morphology, ocean crustal architecture, estuarine processes, and biogeochemistry of ocean sediments and shallow crust. Current research projects include: tectonic reconstructions of seamount systems and transform faults, circulation patterns in coastal lagoons, and global microbial distribution and respiration patterns in ocean sediments. Current education projects include developing computer-based data science education modules for high school and college students and training future seagoing chief scientists. Pockalny is the lead for DCO’s Engagement Team and a member of Synthesis Group 2019.

cschiffries@ciw.edu(Craig Schiffries), Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science (USA)

Dr. Craig Schiffries is director of the Deep Carbon Observatory and a research scientist at the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution for Science. As a member of the DCO Secretariat and Executive Committee, he helps coordinate all components of DCO. Much of his career spans the interface between science and public policy, advising government agencies and strengthening scientific institutions. He served as a Congressional Science Fellow, director of the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources at the U.S. National Academies, and the first director for geoscience policy at the Geological Society of America. In addition to his technical publications in geochemistry, petrology, and economic geology, he has written on science policy and testified before the U.S. Congress, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, and other advisory bodies. He also serves as a member of Synthesis Group 2019.

sobolev[at]igm.nsc.ru(Nikolay Sobolev), Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia)

Dr. Nikolay V. Sobolev is a research professor at the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Novosibirsk, Russia. He has pioneered and stimulated the use of diamonds and its mineral associations as windows into the upper mantle and enhanced understanding of ultrahigh pressure metamorphism that occurs in crustal rocks. His work has demonstrated the chemical complexity of the upper mantle xenoliths and the significance of fluids in diamond formation. Sobolev is a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academia Europaea (the European Academy), and is a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences. His contributions to science have been recognized through numerous prestigious awards in different areas of mineralogy and geology, including the highest award of the International Mineralogical Association with a 2013 Medal for Excellence in Mineralogical Research.

vincenzo.stagno[at]uniroma1.it(Vincenzo Stagno), Sapienza University of Rome (Italy)

Dr. Vincenzo Stagno’s primary research focus is to understand the carbon cycle in the deep Earth from its elemental form, graphite or diamond, to its oxidized form, either solid or carbonate melt, with implications for the release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere over the geological timescale. He conducts research in laboratory experiments capable of reproducing geochemical and petrological processes occurring in the interior of Earth at a variety of temperatures and pressures. Stagno is an assistant professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at Sapienza University of Rome and has been recognized several times for work in his early career.