Deep Carbon Science Revealed

An open-access volume represents the first major collective publication of the DCO, and an astonishing look at the new field of deep carbon science.

An open-access volume represents the first major collective publication of the DCO, and an astonishing look at the new field of deep carbon science.

The special issue of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, called Carbon in Earth, Volume 75, comprises twenty chapters by more than fifty researchers in nine countries. The 700-page book integrates a vast body of research in physics, chemistry, biology and Earth and space sciences. Each chapter synthesizes what we know about deep carbon, and also outlines unanswered questions that will guide the Deep Carbon Observatory for the remainder of the decade and beyond.

In the first four months since its publication close to 700,000 chapters were downloaded. Included in that figure are 200,000 individual article downloads and 25,000 downloads of the entire volume. Carbon in Earth has received extensive media attention, including coverage by the world’s four largest news services (Reuters, AP, Agence France Press, and Agencia EFE) and over 530 websites across 59 countries and in 12 languages. Selected stories can be found in "DCO in the News".

Read the full news release about Carbon in Earth.

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1. Why deep carbon? Robert M. Hazen and Craig M. Schiffries
Chapter 2. Carbon mineralogy and crystal chemistry. Robert M. Hazen, Robert T. Downs, Adrian P. Jones, and Linda Kah
Chapter 3. Structure, bonding, and mineralogy of carbon at extreme conditions. Artem R. Oganov, Russell J. Hemley, Robert M. Hazen, and Adrian P. Jones 
Chapter 4. Carbon mineral evolution. Robert M. Hazen, Robert T. Downs, Linda Kah, and Dimitri Sverjensky 
Chapter 5. The chemistry of carbon in aqueous fluids at crustal and upper-mantle conditions: experimental and theoretical constraints. Craig E. Manning, Everett L. Shock, and Dimitri A. Sverjensky
Chapter 6. Primordial origins of Earth’s carbon. Bernard Marty, Conel M. O’D. Alexander, and Sean N. Raymond
Chapter 7. Ingassing, storage, and outgassing of terrestrial carbon through geologic time. Rajdeep Dasgupta
Chapter 8. Carbon in the core: its influence on the properties of core and mantle. Bernard J. Wood, Jie Li, and Anat Shahar
Chapter 9. Carbon in silicate melts. Huaiwei Ni and Hans Keppler
Chapter 10. Carbonate melts and carbonatites. Adrian P. Jones, Matthew Genge, Laura Carmody
Chapter 11. Deep carbon emissions from volcanoes. Michael R. Burton, Georgina M. Sawyer, and Domenico Granieri 
Chapter 12. Diamonds and the geology of mantle carbon. Steven B. Shirey, Pierre Cartigny, Daniel J. Frost, Shantanu Keshav, Fabrizio Nestola, Paolo Nimis, D. Graham Pearson, Nikolai V. Sobolev, and Michael J. Walter
Chapter 13. Nanoprobes for deep carbon. Wendy L. Mao and Eglantine Boulard
Chapter 14. On the origins of deep hydrocarbons. Mark A. Sephton and Robert M. Hazen
Chapter 15. Laboratory simulations of abiotic hydrocarbon formation in Earth’sdeep subsurface. Thomas M. McCollom
Chapter 16. Hydrocarbon behavior at nanoscale interfaces. David R. Cole, Salim Ok, Alberto Striolo, and Anh Phan
Chapter 17. Nature and extent of the deep biosphere. Frederick S. Colwell and Steven D’Hondt
Chapter 18. Serpentinization, carbon, and deep life. Matthew O. Schrenk, William J. Brazelton, and Susan Q. Lang
Chapter 19. High-pressure biochemistry and biophysics. Filip Meersman, Isabelle Daniel, Douglas H. Bartlett, Roland Winter, Rachael Hazael, and Paul F. McMillan
Chapter 20. The deep viriosphere: assessing the viral impact on microbial community dynamics in the deep subsurface. Rika E. Anderson, William J. Brazelton, and John A. Baross

Edited by Robert Hazen (Geophysical Laboratory), Adrian Jones (University College London), and John Baross (University of Washington), this volume is published in the series Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry.

Further Reading

Pyroxenites
DCO Research Pyroxenites Put the Brakes on Mantle Melting

When pyroxenites get mixed into the mantle, their presence decreases the extent of melting,…

DCO Research The Shallow Carbon Cycle: Arc Volcanoes Recycle Carbon from Earth’s Crust

Earth is a habitable planet due to the balance of carbon cycling between subsurface and surface…

DCO Research Deep Burial of Organic Carbon into the Mantle Enabled “Great Oxidation Event”

The “Great Oxidation Event” (GOE) occurred about 2.5–2.2 billion years ago, when oxygen levels in…

DCO Research Connecting the Surface and the Deep: Geochemical Cycles and Fluid-Rock Interactions Inside Earth

Deep underground, fluids circulating in Earth’s crust and mantle transport carbon, sulfur and other…

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