Carbonates at high Pressures and Temperatures (CarboPaT) is a German research consortium launched in 2015 with support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) to study carbonates at extreme conditions. In January 2018, DFG renewed CarboPaT’s funding for another three years, providing a continued platform for deep carbon science in Germany through 2021.
“We are thrilled to see CarboPaT’s legacy extended,” said project proponent and DCO Extreme Physics and Chemistry collaborator Catherine McCammon (Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Germany). “Support for multi-disciplinary, multi-institution programs like this one, which reward investigators at all stages of their careers but especially young scientists, is crucial to the future of deep carbon science.”
CarboPaT was created to investigate the forms and behaviors of carbonates at high pressures and temperatures, in order to understand how much carbon is contained in Earth’s mantle and core. This research requires a multidisciplinary approach and expensive, specialized equipment for making measurements at the extreme conditions that mimic Earth’s interior. The funding from DFG allows CarboPaT scientists to design new experimental techniques essential for their work.
“CarboPaT has been extremely successful during its first three years,” said Björn Winkler, leader of the consortium, “and has achieved many scientific as well as technical breakthroughs.” Research by CarboPaT scientists has resulted in the discovery of new carbonate structures and mapping of phase stabilities, pioneering measurements of carbonate physical properties using both experimental and computational methods, and state-of-the-art monitoring of chemical reactions between silicates and carbonates at extreme conditions.
The consortium supports deep carbon research at a number of institutions, including the Universities of Frankfurt am Main, Potsdam, Bayreuth, Cologne, Dortmund, and Freiberg and the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) in Potsdam. Additionally, CarboPaT scientists conduct research at large-scale synchrotron and free electron laser facilities in Germany and France.
“We congratulate CarboPaT on its continued success,” said DCO Director Craig Schiffries (Carnegie Institution for Science, USA). “Scientists around the world are championing initiatives that build on DCO programs and extend beyond the culmination of the initial DCO decadal program in 2019. These powerful legacies will ensure the vitality of deep carbon science for many years to come.”