Meeting Report: DCO Executive Committee Meeting and Field Trips in Italy, October 2015

More than 50 members of the Italian scientific community from over 25 institutions participated in the DCO Executive Committee meeting at the historic Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome, Italy, in October 2015.

More than 50 members of the Italian scientific community from over 25 institutions participated in the Deep Carbon Observatory Executive Committee meeting at the historic Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome, Italy, 8-9 October 2015.

“The primary reasons for meeting in Rome were to increase collaboration with colleagues in Italy and to explore some of the world’s foremost examples of diffuse degassing of CO2 associated with both volcanic and tectonic processes,” said DCO Director Craig Schiffries.

Diffuse degassing of deep carbon emerged as an important topic during the DCO Executive Committee meeting in Oman in January 2015. DCO leadership selected Italy as an ideal location for a DCO Executive Committee meeting to focus on diffuse degassing, considering its renowned field sites and vibrant community of experts. Organized in collaboration with Stefano Poli (Universitá degli Studi di Milano, Italy), the DCO Executive Committee meeting in Rome featured presentations and field trips that highlighted diffuse degassing of CO2 as well as other topics of great interest to the DCO.

For two days prior to the meeting in Rome, Carlo Cardellini (Universitá degli Studi di Perugia, Italy), Matteo Lelli (Italian National Research Council, Pisa, Italy), Giovanni Chiodini (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Bologna, Italy), and Stefano Caliro (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Napoli, Italy) led field trips to various sites where massive quantities of carbon dioxide are degassing, often in lethal concentrations. The first field trip featured non-volcanic degassing of deep carbon in northern Latium – southern Tuscany. The second field trip explored volcanic and non-volcanic CO2 degassing in southern Italy at Mefite d’Ansanto and Solfatara of Pozzuoli, which is located in the Campi Flegrei caldera near Naples. Instrumentation demonstrations complemented detailed descriptions of the geologic phenomena.

Perhaps most importantly, the DCO Executive Committee interacted with a broad segment of the Italian scientific community for whom the DCO may provide a unifying research theme. At the meeting in Rome, Carlo Cardellini and Giovannia Chiodini recapitulated their field programs with presentations on the areas visited by the Executive Committee. Marco Merlini (Universitá degli Studi di Milano, Italy) and Roberto Bini (Universitá degli Studi di Firenze/European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), Italy) showed recent data concerning the unusual forms of carbon populating deep reservoirs in Earth’s mantle and core. Elisabetta Erba (Universitá degli Studi di Milano/International Ocean Discovery Program, Italy) highlighted the potential of the scientific drilling in the Mediterranean to serve as a unique geologic case study for the deep carbon cycle.

Fabrizio Nestola (Universitá degli Studi di Padova, Italy), co-organizer of the 2015 Diamond School developed under the auspices of the DCO, presented his research on inclusions in diamonds, windows into the composition of Earth’s mantle. With a different take in the importance of diamonds to DCO work, Maria Frezzotti (Universitá degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy) presented work on diamond precipitation in subduction zone fluids.

Stefano Poli spoke on the importance of carbonititic liquids at subduction zones. Alessandro Aiuppa (Universitá degli Studi di Palermo, Italy) provided an exciting update on the progress of DCO’s DECADE initiative, which is focused on monitoring active volcanic CO2 degassing at a global scale. Chiara Boschi (Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa, Italy) highlighted the importance of serpentines in the deep carbon cycle, and Giuseppe Etiope (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma, Italy) showed pioneering data on the potential ubiquity of abiotic hydrocarbon genesis.

To round out the program and to update their Italian colleagues, DCO Community Chairs and Co-Chairs Isabelle Daniel (Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France), Mitchell Sogin (Marine Biological Laboratory/Brown University, USA), Craig Manning (University of California, USA), and Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), gave presentations on their respective DCO Science Communities.

The Executive Committee discussed initial plans for DCO’s synthesis and integration efforts, which will contribute to celebrating a decade of scientific progress in 2019. It also discussed plans for DCO’s continued legacy after support from the Sloan Foundation ends in 2019. The Executive Committee discussed DCO’s future with a view to facilitating a robust international community of deep carbon scientists in 2020 and beyond, an effort led by Executive Committee member Claude Jaupart (Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France).

In the wake of the Second DCO Early Career Scientist Workshop in the Azores in September 2015, co-organizer Fátima Viveiros (University of the Azores, Portugal) presented outcomes of the workshop. The DCO Executive Committee paid particular attention to further engaging a vibrant cadre of early career deep carbon scientists in leadership roles. 

From diamonds, to serpentinization, to volcanic and tectonic degassing, DCO is integrating deep carbon science on an international scale. This meeting highlighted the breadth of DCO science, as well as the importance of bringing together multi-disciplinary groups of scientists from around the world. 

 

Images: Top: Matteo Lelli demonstrates CO2 flux monitoring apparatus at Cardara di Manziana gas vent in Southern Tuscany. Middle: Gas emission measurements at Solfatara of Pozzuoli in the Campi Flegrei caldera near Naples. Bottom: Group photo at the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Credit: Katie Pratt

More images of the field trips are available here

More images of the meeting at the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei are available here

Participants

Alessandro Aiuppa, Università degli Studi di Palermo
Jesse Ausubel, Rockefeller University / Sloan Foundation
Emanuela Bagnato, Università di Perugia
Maria Baldini, Carnegie Institution of Washington / Argonne National Laboratory
John Baross, University of Washington
Roberto Bini, Università degli Studi di Firenze / European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy
Costanza Bonadiman, Università degli Studi di Ferrara
Chiara Boschi, National Research Council – Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources
Antonio Caracausi, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Palermo
Carlo Cardellini, Università degli Studi di Perugia
Michael Carroll, Università di Camerino
Daniele Castelli, Università degli Studi di Torino
Bernardo Cesare, Università degli Studi di Padova
Giovanni Chiodini, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Bologna
Raffaello Cioni, Università degli Studi di Firenze
David Cole, Ohio State University
Massimo Coltorti, Università degli Studi di Ferrara
Paola Comodi, Università degli Studi di Perugia
Sandro Conticelli, Università degli Studi di Firenze
Isabelle Daniel, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Ventura Della, Giancarlo Università Roma Tre
Piero Dellino, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro
Donald Dingwell, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Cristiana di Valentin, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Carlo Doglioni, Sapienza-Università di Roma
Marie Edmonds, University of Cambridge
Elisabetta Erba, Università degli Studi di Milano / International Ocean Discovery Program
Giuseppe Etiope, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma
Paolo Favali, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia , Roma
Carmelo Ferlito, Università degli Studi di Catania
Fabio Florindo, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program / Istituto Nazionale di Geofisicae Vulcanologia, Roma
Teresa Fornaro, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa
Peter Fox, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
MariaLuce Frezzotti, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Francesco Frondini, Università degli Studi di Perugia
Stefano Gresta, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia
Bob Hazen, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Rus Hemley, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Sara Hickox, University of Rhode Island
Claude Jaupart, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
Adrian Jones, University College London
Andrea Lausi, Elettra and Fermi Lightsources
Matteo Lell, National Research Council – Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources
Andrea Mangum, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Craig Manning, University of California, Los Angeles
Jennifer Mays, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Marco Merlini, Università degli Studi di Milano
Enzo Morra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Annibale Mottana, Università Roma Tre / Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
Fabrizio Nestola, Università degli Studi di Padova
Giulio Ottonello, Università degli Studi di Genova
Paolo Papale, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Pisa
Alessandro Pavese, Italian Society Mineralogy and Petrolgy / Università Milano
Maria Pedone, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Palermo
Stefano Poli, Università degli Studi di Milano
Katie Pratt, University of Rhode Island
Mauro Prencipe, Università degli Studi di Torino
Antonello Provenzale, National Research Council - Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources
Brunella Raco, National Research Council - Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources
Andrea Rizzo, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Palermo
Carlo Rizzuto, CERIC-ERIC (Central European Research Infrastructures Consortium-ERIC)
Claudia Romano, Università Roma Tre
Leonardo Sagnotti, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma
Mario Santoro, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche / European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy
Sandro Scandolo, International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste
Piergiorgio Scarlato, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma
Craig Schiffries, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Nick Sobolev, Russian Academy of Sciences
Mitchell Sogin, Marine Biological Laboratory / Brown University
Simone Tumiati, Università Milano
Giorgio Virgili, WEST Systems S.r.l.
Fatima Viveiros University of the Azores, Portugal
 
Friday, 9 October 2015
AGENDA
 
Moderator of Morning Session:
John Baross, University of Washington
 
9:00 am DCO Accomplishments and Plans
Russell Hemley, Carnegie Institution of Washington
 
9:15 am DCO Deep Energy Community
Isabelle Daniel, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1
 
9:30 am DCO Deep Life Community
Mitchell Sogin, Marine Biological Laboratory
 
9:45 am 2nd DCO Early Career Workshop
Fatima Vivieros, University of the Azores, Portugal
 
10:00 am Scientific advances of and opportunities for collaboration with the Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree) Center
Maria Baldini, Carnegie Institution of Washington / Argonne National Laboratory
 
10:15 am Discussion
 
10:30 am Break
 
11:00 am High-pressure chemistry and physics of simple C based systems
Roberto Bini, Università degli Studi di Firenze / European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS)
 
11:15 am Carbonatitic "liquids" at subduction zones: experimental constraints
Stefano Poli, Università degli Studi di Milano
 
11:30 am Diamond and its olivine inclusions: a petrogenetic relationship
Fabrizio Nestola, Università degli Studi di Padova
 
11:45 am Measuring CO2 degassing at regional scale: the case of Italy
Carlo Cardellini, Università degli Studi di Perugia
 
12:00 pm The role of serpentines in the carbon cycle
Chiara Boschi, Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources, Pisa
 
12:15 pm Discussion
 
12:30 pm Lunch
 
Moderator of Afternoon Session:
Donald Dingwell, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
 
1:30 pm DCO Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community
Craig Manning, University of California, Los Angeles
 
1:50 pm DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Community
Marie Edmonds, University of Cambridge
 
2:10 pm Activities for community building in Italy: the Mediterranean as a unique area to track input and output for carbon cycling
Elisabetta Erba, Universitá degli Studi di Milano / International Ocean Discovery Program, Italy
 
2:25 pm Abiotic methane: a deep reassessment
Giuseppe Etiope, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Roma
 
2:40 pm Discussion
 
3:00 pm Break
 
3:30 pm Carbon migration within Earth's mantle: the natural record
Maria Luce Frezzotti, Universitá degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
 
3:45 pm Candidate carbonate minerals in Earth’s mantle
Marco Merlini, Universitá degli Studi di Milano
 
4:00 pm CO2 earth degassing, heat flux and earthquakes in Italy
Giovanni Chiodini, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Bologna
 
4:15 pm New clues on CO2 emissions from subaerial volcanism: lessons learned from the DECADE-DCO research initiative
Alessandro Aiuppa, Universitá degli Studi di Palermo
 
4:30 pm Discussion
 
4:50 pm Conclusions and plans
Craig Manning, University of California, Los Angeles
 
5:00 pm Adjourn
Villa Farnesina Tour (optional)
 
6:00 pm Reception and brief remarks 
Villa Farnesina

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