New Special Issue of Lithos: The Nature of Diamonds and Their Use in Earth's Study

The 15 November 2016 edition of the journal Lithos delves into the role of natural diamonds in deep Earth research.

Titled “The nature of diamonds and their use in Earth's study,” the 15 November 2016 edition of the journal Lithos delves into the role of natural diamonds in deep Earth research. This special issue is edited by DCO scientists involved the Reservoirs and Fluxes initiative, Diamonds and the Mantle Geodynamics of Carbon (DMGC).

This special issue of Lithos was compiled in recognition of the second International Diamond School, which took place in January 2015 in Bressanone, Italy. The Deep Carbon Observatory and the Gemological Institute of America sponsored the school, which brought together more than 80 graduate students and postdocs from around the world. Many of the students of the school are authors in the special issue.

Fabrizio Nestola (Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy), Matteo Alvaro (Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy), Graham Pearson (University of Alberta, Canada), and Steven Shirey (Carnegie Institution for Science, USA) edited a selection of 30 original research articles from 134 authors for the issue. The papers cover four main research areas: geochemistry, diamond forming fluids, and diamond origin sources; geothermo-barometry and geochronology of diamonds; super-deep diamonds, carbonado-like diamonds and diamondites; and innovative methods for the investigation of diamonds. 

Images: Top left: Students at the Second International Diamond School analyzing samples. Right: Organizers Fabrizio Nestola, Steven Shirey, and Graham Pearson. Credit: Manuel Conedera

 

CONTENTS

 
The nature of diamonds and their use in earth's study F. Nestola, M. Alvaro, D.G. Pearson, S.B. Shirey

 

GEOCHEMISTRY, DIAMOND FORMING FLUIDS AND DIAMOND ORIGIN SOURCES

 
Diamond growth in mantle fluids H. Bureau, D.J. Frost, N. Bolfan-Casanova, C. Leroy, I. Esteve, P. Cordier
Olivine inclusions in Siberian diamonds and mantle xenoliths: Contrasting water and trace-element contents M.M. Jean, L.A. Taylor, G.H. Howarth, A.H. Peslier, L. Fedele, R.J. Bodnar, Y. Guan, L.S. Doucet, D.A. Ionov, A.M. Logvinova, A.V. Golovin, N.V. Sobolev
Cretaceous mantle of the Congo craton: Evidence from mineral and fluid inclusions in Kasai alluvial diamonds C. W. Kosman, M. G. Kopylova, R. A. Stern, J. W. Hagadorn, J. F. Hurlbut
Nitrogen nanoinclusions in milky diamonds from Juina area, Mato Grosso State, Brazil J. Rudloff-Grund, F.E. Brenker, K. Marquardt, D. Howell, A. Schreiber, S.Y. O'Reilly, W.L. Griffin, F.V. Kaminsky
Diamonds from Dachine, French Guiana: A unique record of early Proterozoic subduction C. B. Smith, M. J. Walter, G. P. Bulanova, S. Mikhail, A. D. Burnham, L. Gobbo, S. C. Kohn
Regular cuboid diamonds from placers on the northeastern Siberian platform D.A. Zedgenizov, V.V. Kalinina, V.N. Reutsky, O.P. Yuryeva, M.I. Rakhmanova
 

GEOTHERMO-BAROMETRY AND GEOCHRONOLOGY OF DIAMONDS

 
Depth of formation of CaSiO3-walstromite included in super-deep diamonds C. Anzolini, R.J. Angel, M. Merlini, M. Derzsi, K. Tokár, S. Milani, M.Y. Krebs, F.E. Brenker, F. Nestola, J.W. Harris
FTIR thermochronometry of natural diamonds: A closer look Simon C. Kohn, Laura Speich, Christopher B. Smith, Galina P. Bulanova
Tracing the depositional history of Kalimantan diamonds by zircon provenance and diamond morphology studies N. Kueter, J. Soesilo, Y. Fedortchouk, F. Nestola, L. Belluco, J. Troch, M. Wälle, M. Guillong, A. Von Quadt, T. Driesner
 

SUPER-DEEP DIAMONDS, CARBONADO-LIKE DIAMONDS AND DIAMONDITES

 
Diamonds from the Machado River alluvial deposit, Rondônia, Brazil, derived from both lithospheric and sublithospheric mantle A.D. Burnham, G.P. Bulanova, C.B. Smith, S.C. Whitehead, S.C. Kohn, L. Gobbo, M.J. Walter
Structural characterization of natural diamond shocked to 60 GPa; implications for Earth and planetary systems A. P. Jones, P. F. McMillan, C. G. Salzmann, M. Alvaro, F. Nestola, M. Prencipe, D. Dobson, R. Hazael, M. Moore
Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia F. V. Kaminsky, R. Wirth, L. P. Anikin, L. Morales, A. Schreiber
Evidence for H2O-bearing fluids in the lower mantle from diamond inclusion M. Palot, S.D. Jacobsen, J.P. Townsend, F. Nestola, K. Marquardt, N. Miyajima, J.W. Harris, T. Stachel, C.A. McCammon, D.G. Pearson
Polycrystalline diamond aggregates from the Mir kimberlite pipe, Yakutia: Evidence for mantle metasomatism N.V. Sobolev, V.S. Shatsky, D.A. Zedgenizov, A.L. Ragozin, V.N. Reutsky
Yakutites: Are they impact diamonds from the Popigai crater? A.P. Yelisseyev, V.P. Afanasiev, A.V. Panchenko, S.A. Gromilov, V.V. Kaichev, А.А. Saraev
 

INNOVATIVE METHODS FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF DIAMONDS

 
Synthesis of diamonds with mineral, fluid and melt inclusions Y. V. Bataleva, Y. N. Palyanov, Y. M. Borzdov, I. N. Kupriyanov, A. G. Sokol
Cr-rich rutile: A powerful tool for diamond exploration V.G. Malkovets, D.I. Rezvukhin, E.A. Belousova, W.L. Griffin, I.S. Sharygin, I.G. Tretiakova, A.A. Gibsher, S.Y. O'Reilly, D.V. Kuzmin, K.D. Litasov, A.M. Logvinova, N.P. Pokhilenko, N.V. Sobolev
Crystallographic orientations of olivine inclusions in diamonds S. Milani, F. Nestola, R.J. Angel, P. Nimis, J.W. Harris
Synchrotron Mössbauer Source technique for in situ measurement of iron-bearing inclusions in natural diamonds F. Nestola, V. Cerantola, S. Milani, C. Anzolini, C. McCammon, D. Novella, I. Kupenko, A. Chumakov, R. Rüffer, J.W. Harris
Source assemblage types for cratonic diamonds from X-ray synchrotron diffraction F. Nestola, M. Alvaro, M.N. Casati, H. Wilhelm, A.K. Kleppe, A.P. Jephcoat, M.C. Domeneghetti, J.W. Harris
Effect of CO2 on crystallization and properties of diamond from ultra-alkaline carbonate melt Yuri N. Palyanov, Igor N. Kupriyanov, Alexander G. Sokol, Yuri M. Borzdov, Alexander F. Khokhryakov
 
 

 

Further Reading

DCO Research The Early Magma Ocean Turned Earth into a ‘Diamond Factory’

In conditions simulating early Earth’s magma ocean, iron performs an unusual chemical trick that…

DCO Research Superdeep Diamonds Hint at Primordial Helium Reservoir

Results from the first ever analysis of helium isotopes from fluids trapped in superdeep diamonds…

DCO Highlights A Trip to Collect Diamonds Only a Scientist Could Love

Earlier this year, DCO researchers traveled to the Juína municipality in Brazil, an area that has…

DCO Research Diamonds Reveal how Continents are Stabilized, Key to Earth’s Habitability

Diamonds may be beloved by jewelry collectors, but they are truly a geologist’s best friend. New…

Back to top