The “Materials of the Universe” workshop will be held April 24-26, 2019, at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ. The workshop is supported by the Deep Carbon Observatory and by ASU. The organizers are Everett Shock (ASU), Alex Navrotsky (UC Davis), and Dan Shim (ASU).
We have learned that planetary conditions and compositions are extremely diverse, from super-Earth to carbon world and water world, and planets form under an unexpectedly wide range of conditions. The interpretation of the astrophysical data and modeling of the exoplanetary environments require us to understand a range of materials properties and processes under extremely large ranges of pressure, temperature, and redox conditions. At the same time space exploration and remote sensing depend on the properties of materials and the creation of new materials. Thus the diversity of extreme planetary conditions could inform and inspire new materials for technological use. We believe Materials of the Universe as a unifying and transcending theme will provide exciting opportunities and challenges in materials research and planetary science in coming decades. Therefore, we would like to take this workshop as an opportunity to formulate ideas on how to tackle these challenging problems through synergetic collaborations among physicists, chemists, biologists, engineers, planetary scientists, earth scientists, and astrophysicists
The workshop will include review talks on planetary discoveries and materials research under a range of extreme conditions. We will then have a series of breakout sessions to discuss how to initiate collaborations among related fields to answer the challenging questions for understanding exoplanet diversities. For example, the diverse conditions of the exoplanets would require a large-scale research on materials in extremely a large pressure-temperature-composition space (very cold to very hot, rarefied gases to megabar pressure). Can we take advantage of recent developments in data science and materials research to answer effectively for the challenge? The desired outcomes of the workshop include mid or large-scale collaborative proposals and formation of a new STEM community.