From the Deep, a monthly newsletter from DCO
October 2019
Deep Carbon Observatory
DC2019 Group Photo
300 members of the Deep Carbon Observatory community met from 24–26 October 2019 in Washington, DC, USA. The international conference, “Deep Carbon 2019: Launching the Next Decade of Deep Carbon Science,” celebrated a decade of discovery under the DCO banner and served as a launching pad for a bright future in deep carbon science. Read more...

Letter from the Director

The Deep Carbon Observatory had a momentous month in October 2019, with the debut of a book, special issues of journals, a decadal report, videos, a short documentary film, and a symphony as well as an international conference and three workshops. 

Cambridge University Press published an open access DCO book, Deep Carbon: Past to Present, containing 20 chapters by more than 100 authors from around the world. Edited by DCO members Beth Orcutt, Isabelle Daniel, and Rajdeep Dasgupta, this 669-page volume is a tour de force that synthesizes our current understanding of carbon in Earth. 

A Nature collection on Deep Carbon showcases a broad array of DCO research papers and review articles, many of which are freely available for one year. The collection contains more than 40 papers published in Nature, Nature Communications, Nature Reviews Microbiology, Nature Geoscience, and Nature Microbiology.

DCO developed a special issue of Elements on “Catastrophic Perturbations to Earth’s Deep Carbon Cycle,” which explores major, rapid shifts in the carbon cycle, including their impact on Earth and contributions to mass extinctions. Celina Suarez, Marie Edmonds, and Adrian Jones edited this open access collection. 

DCO released a decadal report, Deep Carbon Observatory: A Decade of Discovery, which highlights ten transformational discoveries in a decade of deep carbon science. The report also synthesizes DCO from multiple perspectives, discusses DCO’s history and strategy, and addresses the future of deep carbon science. A DCO video and animation accompanied publication of the open access report. 

DCO premiered a short documentary film, Above and Beyond: Measuring volcanic emissions with drone technology. Filmmaker Zach Voss accompanied DCO’s ABOVE expedition to Papua New Guinea, where he documented how advances in drone technology are being harnessed to measure volcanic gases from within previously inaccessible volcanic plumes. 

Integrating science and art, the Royal Scottish National Orchestra recorded Symphony in C: A Carbon Symphony by composer David Earl. The musical work reflects Robert Hazen’s book, Symphony in C: Carbon and the Evolution of (Almost) Everything. The book and symphony celebrate carbon with movements inspired by four classic elements of Greek mythology – earth, air, fire, and water.

DCO convened an international conference, Deep Carbon 2019: Launching the Next Decade of Deep Carbon Science, at the National Academy of Sciences, Carnegie Institution for Science, and the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC from 24–26 October 2019. Many of the synthesis products described above were featured at the conference, which celebrated a decade of discovery and a roadmap to the future. Close to 300 members of DCO’s international community convened for a lively program that featured lightning talks, panel discussions, keynote lectures, oral and poster presentations, workshops, interactive ePosters, DCO Cinema, a photo gallery, public events, and virtual reality. 

Special thanks to Marie Edmonds and Isabelle Daniel, for their extraordinary service as chair of DCO Synthesis Group 2019 and chair of the Deep Carbon 2019 Science Program Committee, respectively. The future is bright for deep carbon science.

Craig Schiffries, DCO Director
Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory
Washington DC, USA

News Features

Deep Carbon Observatory: A Decade of Discovery
This decadal report details remarkable scientific advancements in the understanding of deep carbon—how much exists and where, how it moves, what forms it takes, and where it originated—made by an international community of 1200 scientists from 55 nations, who came together over the last decade to explore these questions. Read more...

Deep Carbon: Past to Present Synthesizes a Decade of DCO Research
From diamonds to volcanic degassing to the deep biosphere and more, scientists within the Deep Carbon Observatory have covered a lot of ground since the initiative’s start ten years ago. To synthesize what this work reveals about the functioning of our planet and to point out new directions for the next generation of deep carbon research, DCO scientists, in partnership with Cambridge University Press and with support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, have published the open-access book, Deep Carbon: Past to Present. DCO members Beth Orcutt (Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA), Isabelle Daniel (Université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, France), and Rajdeep Dasgupta (Rice University, Houston, USA) edited the book, and more than 100 international authors contributed to its 20 chapters. Read more...

Nature Deep Carbon Collection Showcases DCO Research
Some of the most exciting discoveries made by DCO researchers in the last ten years have been reported on the pages of Nature journals. Nature has compiled these papers, and a series of commissioned review articles, into a special Deep Carbon collection that reflects the breadth of research occurring within the four research communities: Extreme Physics and Chemistry, Reservoirs and Fluxes, Deep Energy, and Deep Life. Through sponsorship by DCO, many of the articles in the collection will be freely available for one year after publication. Marie Edmonds (Cambridge University, UK), co-chair of the Reservoirs and Fluxes Community Scientific Steering Committee and chair of the Synthesis Group 2019, spearheaded this effort. Read more...

Elements Special Issue: When the Carbon Cycle Went Awry
For ten years, DCO scientists have advanced our understanding of the amounts of carbon within different parts of Earth and its movement between different reservoirs, both today and through deep time. Much of this work has refined our estimates of the “steady-state” carbon cycle, but Earth wasn’t always so steady. Brief, violent periods in Earth’s history often coincided with serious disturbances to the carbon cycle, which played an outsized role on the evolution of the planet and its life forms. In a special, open-access issue of Elements, DCO collaborators investigate major, rapid shifts in the carbon cycle, including their impact on Earth and contribution to mass extinctions. DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Community members Celina Suarez (University of Arkansas, USA), Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), and Adrian Jones (University College, London, UK) edited the collection. Read more...

All Kimberlites Erupted from the Same Deep Reservoir
Compared to other types of volcanic rocks that erupt at Earth’s surface, kimberlites are unique. They come from the deeper parts of the mantle, contain much higher amounts of carbon dioxide and other volatile compounds than most volcanic rocks, erupt rapidly and violently, and often carry diamonds. Kimberlites are also surprisingly consistent – so consistent that a new study proposes that all kimberlite eruptions came from the same place, deep within Earth. DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Community members Andrea Giuliani (ETH Zurich, Switzerland) and Graham Pearson (University of Alberta, Canada), with colleagues at the University of Melbourne in Australia and Durham University in the United Kingdom, looked at hundreds of kimberlite samples of different ages and geographic locations. In a new paper, published in Nature, they show this primitive, isolated reservoir remained unchanged until about 200 million years ago, around the same time that the supercontinent Pangaea was breaking up. The study is the first to use isotopes, which are atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons, to see how kimberlites have changed over time on a global scale. Read more...

An Inside Look at Carbon in Earth’s Interior
More than 50 DCO scientists contributed to a special American Geophysical Union Monograph, Carbon in Earth’s Interior. The book brings together research from mineral physics, materials science, petrology, and geochemistry. Chapters feature new work on the behavior of carbon in minerals, fluids, and melted rocks under the extreme conditions that occur within Earth’s interior. The co-chairs of the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community, Craig Manning (University of California, Los Angeles, USA) and Wendy Mao (Stanford University, USA), along with Jung-Fu Lin (University of Texas, USA) edited the monograph. The book will be available in December 2019. Read more...

Symphony in C: A Carbon Symphony Debuts
The Royal Scottish National Orchestra is bringing composer David Earl’s 2019 creation, Symphony in C: A Carbon Symphony, to musical life for the very first time. Following live recording sessions on 24–25 October 2019 in Glasgow, Scotland, a recorded version will be available to the public in December. Earl completed the symphony in March 2019 after being inspired in 2018 by the manuscript for Robert Hazen’s book, Symphony in C: Carbon and the Evolution of (Almost) Everything. In the book, published in May 2019, Hazen framed the complex and integral role of elemental carbon in life and on Earth as a symphony with movements inspired by four classic elements of Greek mythology – earth, air, fire, and water. Read more...

DCO News Release: Imperfect Diamonds Paved Way to Historic New Deep Earth Discoveries
Thousands of diamonds, formed hundreds of kilometers deep inside the planet, paved the way to some of the 10-year Deep Carbon Observatory program’s most historic accomplishments and discoveries, being celebrated 24–26 October at the US National Academy of Sciences. Unsightly black, red, green, and brown specks of minerals, and microscopic pockets of fluid and gas encapsulated by diamonds as they form in the mantle, record the elemental surroundings and reactions taking place within Earth at a specific depth and time, divulging some of the planet’s innermost secrets. Read more...

DCO News Release: Scientists Quantify Global Volcanic CO2 Venting; Estimate Total Carbon on Earth
Volcanoes, colliding and spreading continental and oceanic plates, and other phenomena re-studied with innovative high-tech tools, provide important fresh insights to Earth’s innermost workings, scientists say. Preparing to summarize and celebrate the 10-year Deep Carbon Observatory program at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC, 24–26 October, DCO’s 500-member Reservoirs and Fluxes team today outlined several key findings that span time from the present to billions of years past; from Earth’s core to its atmosphere, and in size from single volcanoes to the five continents. Read more...

Deep Carbon 2019: A Decade of Discovery and a Road Map to the Future
The US National Academy of Sciences and the Carnegie Institution for Science hosted Deep Carbon 2019: Launching the Next Decade of Deep Carbon Science from 24–26 October 2019 at their historic locations in Washington, DC. Close to 300 members of DCO’s international community convened for a lively program of talks, posters, and other activities. Read more...

DCO at the 2019 AGU Fall Meeting
The AGU Fall Meeting returns to the Moscone Center in San Francisco for 2019, from 9–13 December. This day-by-day guide lists sessions involving DCO scientists and others of potential topical interest to DCO attendees. To add additional sessions or presentations to this listing, please contact Katie Pratt of the DCO Engagement Team. Read more...

Video: Above and Beyond
Aerial-based Observations of Volcanic Emissions (ABOVE) is an international collaborative project that is changing the way we sample volcanic gas emissions. Harnessing recent advances in drone technology, unoccupied aerial systems in the ABOVE fleet are able to acquire aerial measurements of volcanic gases directly from within previously inaccessible volcanic plumes. Filmmaker Zach Voss of Retroscope Media accompanied the science team to document what it’s like to work and live in such a remote environment, providing a spectacular glimpse into the challenges, successes, and experiences of field research at the cutting edge of technology. Watch now...

Photo Gallery: Above and Beyond 
Aerial-based Observations of Volcanic Emissions (ABOVE) is an international collaborative project that is changing the way we sample volcanic gas emissions. This project transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries, bringing together scientists, aerospace engineers and pilots to target some of the world’s most inaccessible but strongly degassing volcanoes. In May 2019, a team of 30 researchers undertook an ambitious field deployment in Papua New Guinea. Photographer Matthew Wordell accompanied the science team to document a ‘behind the scenes’ perspective of what it was like to conduct field research in such a remote and challenging place. View now...

Upcoming Events

Public Lecture: Carbon's Fundamental Role on Earth, The Geological Society of London, UK, 4 December 2019
Simon Mitton of the University of Cambridge, author of a forthcoming History of Deep Carbon Science, will deliver this lecture, which will be livestreamed at 3:00pm and 6:00pm GMT here.

2019 AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, 9-13 December 2019
As the American Geophysical Union marks its centennial in 2019, the Fall Meeting returns to San Francisco, the home of the Fall Meeting for more than 40 years. View DCO presentations here.

JpGU - AGU Joint Meeting 2020, Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan, 24-28 May 2020
This joint program of the Japan Geoscience Union and the American Geophysical Union will explore the theme "For a Borderless World of Geoscience." 

Goldschmidt 2020, Honolulu, HI, USA, 21-26 June 2019
Goldschmidt is the foremost annual, international conference on geochemistry and related subjects, organized by the Geochemical Society and the European Association of Geochemistry. 

Gordon Research Seminar: Carbon at the Intersection of the Biosphere and Geosphere, Bates College, ME, USA, 27-28 June 2020
The Gordon Research Seminar on Deep Carbon Science is a unique forum for graduate students, post-docs, and other scientists with comparable levels of experience and education to present and exchange new data and cutting-edge ideas. Application deadline: 27 March 2020

Gordon Research Conference: Exploring Fluxes, Forms, and Origins of Deep Carbon in Earth and Other Terrestrial Planets, Bates College, ME, USA, 28 June - 3 July 2020
This meeting will highlight the importance of deep carbon science for understanding the various reservoirs of carbon in our solar system - from cores to atmospheres on Earth and other planets, and from diamonds to microbial cells. Application deadline: 31 May 2020 

Honors and Awards

Antje Boe­t­ius, Deep Life
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Germany
Fed­eral Cross of Merit

Rajdeep Dasgupta, Reservoirs and Fluxes
Rice University, USA
2019 MSA Fellow

Donald B. Dingwell, DCO Executive Committee
Ludwig Maximilian University, Germany
Arthur Holmes Medal 

Tobias Keller, Modeling and Visualization
University of Glasgow, UK
2020 EGU Geodynamics Division Outstanding Early Career Scientist Award 

Jin Liu
2020 MSA Award

Craig Schiffries, DCO Director
Carnegie Institution for Science, USA
2019 MSA Fellow 

Kimberly Tait
University of Toronto, Canada 
2019 MSA Fellow 

Funding Opportunities

Smithsonian Institution Fellowship Program
The Smithsonian Institution Fellowship Program is now accepting applications for the 2020 review cycle. The Department of Mineral Sciences at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History invites fellowship applications for graduate student, postdoctoral, and senior fellows. Active areas of research include geochemistry, petrology, experimental petrology, volcanology, mineralogy, biomineralogy, environmental mineralogy, meteorite studies, solar system formation, and planetary formation and evolution. The department houses the National Meteorite Collection, the National Rock and Ore Collection, the National Gem and Mineral Collection, and the Global Volcanism Program. Application deadline: 1 November 2019

Carnegie Postdoctoral Fellowships
The Geophysical Laboratory, Washington DC, USA, invites applications for Carnegie Postdoctoral Fellowships. Current research at the Geophysical Laboratory falls primarily within three overlapping thematic areas: Earth and Planetary Science, Astrobiology and the Origin of Life, and the Chemistry and Physics of Materials at Extreme Conditions. Synergies among these thematic areas, as well as links to many closely related research pursuits at Carnegie’s co-located Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, provide Carnegie Fellows with exceptional opportunities for collaboration. Application deadline: 1 December 2019

Schlanger Ocean Drilling Fellowship
The Schlanger Fellowship Program offers merit-based awards for graduate students enrolled in a PhD program to conduct research related to the International Ocean Discovery Program. Research may be related to the objectives of past expeditions or it may address broader science themes. Selected fellows will receive an award of $30,000 for a 12-month period that can be used for research, stipend, tuition, or other approved costs. Schlanger Fellowships are open to all graduate students enrolled at U.S. institutions in full-time MS or PhD programs. Application deadline: 6 December 2019

C-DEBI: Rolling Call for Research Exchange Proposals
The Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations (C-DEBI) facilitates scientific coordination and collaborations by supporting student, postdoctoral, and faculty exchanges to build, educate, and train the deep subseafloor biosphere community. We award small research exchange grants for Center participants. These grants may be used to support research, travel for presenting C-DEBI research at meetings, or travel exchanges to other partner institutions or institutions that have new tools and techniques that can be applied to C-DEBI research. We anticipate ~10 awards of $500-5,000 with additional matched funds to be granted annually. 

New Publications

View more papers in the DCO publications browser.

Deep Carbon: Past to Present
Beth Orcutt, Isabelle Daniel, and Rajdeep Dasgupta, eds.
Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/9781108677950

Subducting carbon
Terry Plank and Craig E. Manning
Nature doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1643-z

Catastrophic perturbations to Earth's carbon cycle
Marie Edmonds, Adrian Jones, and Celina Suarez, eds.
Special Issue, Elements

Kimberlites reveal 2.5-billion-year evolution of a deep, isolated mantle reservoir
Jon Woodhead, Janet Hergt, Andrea Giuliani, Roland Maas, David Phillips, D. Graham Pearson, and Geoff Nowell 
Nature doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1574-8

Genome‐resolved metagenomics and metatranscriptomics reveal niche differentiation in functionally redundant microbial communities at deep‐sea hydrothermal vents
David Galambos, Rika E. Anderson, Julie Reveillaud, and Julie A. Huber
Environmental Microbiology doi:10.1111/1462-2920.14806

High-pressure phase diagrams of Na2CO3 and K2CO3
Pavel N. Gavryushkin, Altyna Bekhtenova, Sergey S. Lobanov, Anton Shatskiy, Anna Yu. Likhacheva, Dinara Sagatova, Nursultan Sagatov, Sergey V. Rashchenko, Konstantin D. Litasov, Igor S. Sharygin, Alexander F. Goncharov, Vitali B. Prakapenka, and Yuji Higo 
Minerals doi:10.3390/min9100599

Raman spectroscopy on hydrogenated graphene under high pressure
Teerachote Pakornchote, Zachary M. Geballe, Udomsilp Pinsook, Thiti Taychatanapat, Wutthikrai Busayaporn, Thiti Bovornratanaraks, and Alexander F. Goncharov
Carbon doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2019.09.077

Employment Opportunities

View more employment opportunities on the DCO website.

Assistant Professor (tenure-track) - Earth Data Science, University of British Columbia, Canada
The Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of British Columbia invites applicants for a full-time, tenure-track assistant professor position in the area of Earth Data Science. We seek applicants whose research addresses fundamental or applied questions in one or more of the Earth, ocean, or atmospheric sciences, using novel data-driven computational techniques such as machine learning and inversion methods to advance knowledge of the Earth system and/or solve geoscience problems of societal relevance. Application deadline: 18 November 2019  

Tenure-Track Assistant Professor Position in Solid Earth Processes in the Lithosphere - Florida State University, USA
The Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences at the Florida State University seeks a Solid Earth Geologist with preference for a metamorphic petrologist for a tenure-track assistant professor position. The ideal candidate will employ “process” oriented research that provides insight into the transfer of heat and mass in the lithosphere by integrating natural observations, analytical methods, and complementary numerical modeling. Application deadline: 18 November 2019

PhD position in Nanogeosciences - Utrecht University, Netherlands
We are looking for a motivated PhD candidate for the project "Experimental constraints on nanoscale fluid flow in natural systems." Experiments will be paired with state-of-the-art imaging technologies encompassing focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and numerical simulations. The results will be directly relevant to the development of a constitutive fluid-rock interaction model that links nanoscale processes with the macroscopic behaviour of fluid and mass transport in the Earth’s crystalline lithosphere. Application deadline: 30 November 2019 

PhD position in Experimental Fluid-Rock Interaction - Utrecht University, Netherlands
We are looking for a motivated PhD candidate for the project "In operando X-ray tomography of reactive fluid-rock interaction." The scientific approach of this project will involve using and developing laboratory- and synchrotron-based X-ray tomography techniques to observe time-resolved reactive transport phenomena within low-permeability rocks. The experiments will be paired with state-of-the-art analytical techniques including scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Application deadline: 30 November 2019 

Harry Hess Fellows Program - Princeton University, USA
The Department of Geosciences at Princeton University announces competition for the 2020-2021 Harry Hess Fellows Program. This honorific postdoctoral fellowship program provides opportunities for outstanding geoscientists to work in the field of their choice. Application deadline: 15 December 2019  

Multiple Postdoctoral Opportunities in Subduction Zone Science - University of Washington, USA
These positions are fully funded for up to two years, and candidates interested in all aspects of subduction zone geophysics and geology are encouraged to apply. Research topics of special immediate interest include (1) geodynamic modeling of the subduction process (including mantle convection and plate boundary processes), (2) rock physics and geophysical imaging of plate boundary fault zones, (3) structure and stress conditions in the shallow megathrust, and (4) seismology and seismic structure of Cascadia from the volcanic arc to offshore. Open until filled.

IODP Curator International Ocean Discovery Program - Texas A&M University, USA
The Research Specialist III, under general direction, is responsible for promoting the use of the IODP core collections and to conserve the core collection for future use per the IODP Sample, Data, and Obligations policy. We need an individual who subscribes to and supports our commitment. Open until filled. 

Geochemistry Postdoctoral Fellow - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA
Berkeley Lab’s Earth and Environmental Sciences area has an opening for a Postdoctoral Fellow to join their Geochemistry Department, to work on a project that involves developing new data-based models and theories of reactive multicomponent Earth-subsurface systems. The research project will involve machine learning and statistical analysis of synthetic data sets generated using the state-of-the art molecular simulations. Open until filled. 

DCO in the News

28 October 2019 Diamonds shine light on the Earth's inner workings
By Sarah Wells for Inverse
These shiny gems might just hide secrets about what's happening under the Earth's surface...

28 October 2019 Pronti a ripartire i cacciatori della vita estrema
Il programma Deep Carbon compie 10 anni e guarda ancora avanti...

27 October 2019 El conocimiento del origen de la vida podría hallarse en los diamantes
El Comercio
Por ejemplo, el hidrógeno y el oxígeno atrapados en diamantes de un sedimento ubicado entre 410 y 660 kilómetros de profundidad revelan la existencia subterránea de océanos con una masa mayor que toda el agua en cada océano sobre la superficie del planeta...

26 October 2019 Earth's rocks can absorb a shocking amount of carbon: here’s how
By Stephen Leahy for National Geographic
The depths of the planet offer a rock-hard potential solution to climate change...

22 October 2019 Why Carbon? Musings on a symphony in C
By Robert M. Hazen for Scientific American
Robert Hazen is one of five expert speakers on Scientific American’s 175th Anniversary Cruise to the Americas in March 2020...

14 October 2019 Humans put 100 times more carbon into the atmosphere than volcanoes, but that's just the tip of the iceberg
By Nick Kilvert for ABC News (Australia)
Massive volcanism in Siberia kickstarted the end-Permian extinction around 250 million years ago, wiping out more than 90 per cent of marine species and two-thirds of vertebrates...

14 October 2019 A scientist's ode to carbon
By Veronika Meduna for The New Zealand Listener
In his latest book, Robert Hazen explains why number six on the periodic table has it in for us, and other fascinating facts...

4 October 2019 Drilling down: scientists update estimates of Earth’s carbon reservoirs
By Richard A Lovett for Cosmos Magazine
Important as carbon is to the earth’s biosphere – and to its climate via carbon dioxide gas – only a tiny fraction of the Earth’s carbon is on its surface, scientists say...

2 October 2019 Humans release 40 To 100 times as much carbon as do Earth’s volcanoes
By David Bressan for Forbes
According to new research published in the journal Eos by the Deep Carbon Observatory, a scientific project involving more than 1,000 earth-scientists worldwide, and based on the analysis of 10 years of field data and computer modeling, an estimated 1.85 billion gigatons of carbon exist on Earth and humans are at present-day the largest source of carbon-dioxide on the planet’s surface...

2 October 2019 Humans pump 100 times more CO2 into the atmosphere than all the volcanoes in the world combined
By Hannah Osborne for Newsweek
Humans are responsible for releasing up to 100 times more carbon dioxide into Earth's atmosphere every year than all the volcanoes in the world combined, scientists have announced...

1 October 2019 Scientists estimate Earth's total carbon store
By Jonathan Amos for BBC News
There are 1.85 billion, billion tonnes of carbon on Earth, with more than 99% of it resident beneath our feet...

1 October 2019 Los volcanes emiten hasta cien veces menos carbono que la Humanidad
Europe Press
Las emisiones de carbono de la Humanidad a través de la quema de combustibles fósiles y bosques, etc., son de 40 a 100 veces mayores que todas las emisiones volcánicas, si se comparan los últimos cien años...

1 October 2019 Вулканы проиграли человечеству по объему выбросов в атмосферу
Тем не менее, результаты подсчетов ученых показывают, что вулканы в большой степени влияют на климат...

1 October 2019 Le carbone et le destin de la Terre
By Sylvestre Huet for Le Monde
Quel rôle le carbone joue -il dans le destin de la Terre? L’injection massive de carbone dans l’atmosphère, sous forme de CO2, par l’usage massif des énergies fossiles depuis 150 ans est-elle comparable aux crises provoquées dans les 500 derniers millions d’années par des phénomènes naturels...

1 October 2019 Scientists catalogue Earth's total carbon store
BBC Radio (an interview with Marie Edmonds)
There are 1.85 billion, billion tonnes of carbon on Earth, nearly all of it held beneath the surface...

1 October 2019 Human activity outpaces volcanoes, asteroids in releasing deep carbon
By Kimberly M. S. Cartier for Eos
Of the 1.85 billion billion metric tons of carbon that exist on Earth, 99.8% exists belowground, according to new reports on deep carbon...

1 October 2019 L'humanité émet cent fois plus de CO2 que tous les volcans
By Christophe Josset for L'Express
Un nouveau rapport de l'étude des cycles du carbone dans les entrailles de la Terre permet de mettre en contexte l'influence humaine sur le climat...

1 October 2019 Humanity's emissions '100-times greater' than volcanoes
by Patrick Galey for AFP
Human activity churns out up to 100 times more planet-warming carbon each year as all the volcanoes on Earth, says a decade-long study released Tuesday...

1 October 2019 We've totted up all Earth's carbon - and 99 per cent is underground
By Michael Marshall for New Scientist
Earth contains 1.85 billion billion tonnes of carbon, according to a 10-year research project. If it were all combined into a single sphere, it would be larger than many asteroids...

1 October 2019 Here’s where Earth stores its carbon
By Maria Temming for Science News
Human-driven carbon pollution is wreaking havoc on the global climate, from bleaching tropical corals to melting polar ice caps. But the amount of carbon in Earth’s oceans and atmosphere barely scratches the surface of the planet’s vast carbon reservoirs...

1 October 2019 Humans are disturbing Earth's carbon cycle more than the dinosaur-killing asteroid did
By Brandon Specktor for Live Science
Since 1750, humans have disrupted Earth's carbon cycle more severely than have some of the most cataclysmic asteroid impacts in history — and, new research suggests, the long-term effects on our planet could be much the same...

1 October 2019 El mecanismo del planeta contra el exceso de carbono: extinciones masivas
By Julio César Rivas for EFE
Históricamente, el mecanismo por el que la Tierra regula "emisiones catastróficas" de carbono a la atmósfera ha sido el de las extinciones masivas de especies, según científicos que están estudiando la cantidad de carbono que existe en el planeta y que hoy han dado a conocer varios estudios...

1 October 2019 Louise Kellogg: Geoscientist, mentor, science communicator
By Katherine Kornei for Eos
Louise Kellogg, a geoscientist who studied Earth’s interior, may be best known in some circles for designing a sandbox...

Learn more about DCO's Scientific Communities


Extreme Physics and Chemistry
The Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community is dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.

Reservoirs and Fluxes
The Reservoirs and Fluxes Community is dedicated to identifying the principal deep carbon reservoirs, to determining the mechanisms and rates by which carbon moves among these reservoirs, and to assessing the total carbon budget of Earth.

Deep Energy
The Deep Energy Community is dedicated to developing a fundamental understanding of environments and processes that regulate the volume and rates of production of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.

Deep Life
The Deep Life Community is dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere by exploring the evolutionary and functional diversity of Earth's deep biosphere and its interaction with the carbon cycle.

Thanks for reading! Send us items for future newsletters by emailing Katie Pratt of the DCO Engagement Team. 

Back to top