Carbon in Earth's Interior

AGU Monograph, December 2019

Carbon in Earth's Interior is a special AGU Monograph providing a compilation of what has been learned by the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community over the last decade. An edited volume, it combines results across traditional boundaries—mineral physics, materials science, petrology, geochemistry—and captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in the emerging field of deep carbon science. The book highlights new results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors and brings together emerging insights into carbon’s forms, transformations and movements. 

The book is unprecedented in its comprehensive scope, covering carbon in all its forms and various chemical redox states. It will serve as a reference for future deep carbon science research.

Carbon in Earth's Interior will publish in late 2019.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Pressure-induced sp2-sp3 transitions in carbon-bearing phases Lobanov SS, Goncharov AF
Chapter 2 High-pressure carbonaceous phases as minerals Tschauner O
Chapter 3 Phase and Melting Relations of Fe3C to 300 GPa and Carbon in the Core Takahashi S, Ohtani E, Sakai T, Kamada S, Ozawa S, Sakamaki T,
Miyahara M, Ito Y, Hirao N, Ohishi Y
Chapter 4 Structure and Properties of Liquid Fe-C Alloys at High Pressures by Experiments and First-Principles Calculations Chen B, Wang J
Chapter 5 A geologic Si-O-C pathway to incorporate carbon in silicates Navrotsky A, Percival J, Dobrzhinetskaya L
Chapter 6 Structural and chemical modifications of carbon dioxide in the deep Earth Santoro M, Gorelli F, Scelta D, Dziubek K, Bini R
Chapter 7 Carbon redox chemistry: Deep carbon dioxide and carbonates Yoo CS
Chapter 8 Crystallization of water mediated by carbon Li T, Bi YF, Cao B
Chapter 9 Structures and crystal chemistry of carbonate at Earth's mantle conditions Merlini M, Milani S, Maurice J
Chapter 11 High-pressure transformations and stability of ferromagnesite in the Earth’s mantle Boulard E, Guyot F, Fiquet G
Chapter 12 Spin transition of iron in deep-mantle ferromagnesite Liu J, Fu S, Lin J-F
Chapter 13 High-pressure Na-Ca carbonates in deep carbon cycle Rashchenko S, Shatskiy A, Litasov K
Chapter 14 Phase diagrams of carbonate materials at high-pressures, with implication to melting and carbon cycling in the deep Earth Litasov K, Shatskiy A, Podborodnikov I, Arefiev A
Chapter 15 Reactive preservation of carbonate in Earth’s mantle transition zone Li J, Zhu F, Liu J, Dong J
Chapter 16 Carbon speciation and solubility in silicate melts Solomatova N, Caracas R, Cohen R
Chapter 17 The effect of variable Na/K on the CO2 content of slab‐derived rhyolitic melts Muth M, Duncan M, Dasgupta R
Chapter 18 Hydrous carbonatitic liquids drive CO2 recycling from subducted marls and limestones Schettino E, Poli S
Chapter 19 The viscosity of carbonate-silicate transitional melts at Earth’s upper mantle pressures and temperatures, determined by the in situ falling-sphere technique Stagno V, Kono Y, Stopponi V, Masotta A, Scarlato P, Manning C
Chapter 20 Mixed fluids of water and carbon dioxide Abramson E
Chapter 21 Experimental determination of calcite solubility in H2O-KCl-NaCl-LiCl solutions at 700 °C and 8 kbar Eguchi J, Li Y, Manning C
Chapter 22 The changing character of aqueous and hydrocarbon fluids with pressure: Organic geochemistry of Earth’s upper mantle fluids Sverjensky D, Daniel I, Vitale Brovarone A
Chapter 23 Free energies of reaction for aqueous glycine condensation chemistry at extreme temperatures Kroonblawd MP, Goldman N
Chapter 24 Predicted speciation of carbon in subduction zone fluids Guild MR, Shock EL
Chapter 25 Energetics of the citric acid cycle in the deep biosphere Canovas PA, Shock E
Chapter 26 Deep hydrocarbon cycle: An experimental simulation Kutcherov V, Ivanov KS, Mukhina EM, Serovaiskii AY
Chapter 27 Diamondoids under pressure Park S, Lin Y, Mao WL



  • Dr. Craig Manning
    Craig E. Manning University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Dr. Craig Manning
    Craig E. Manning
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA

    Dr. Craig Manning is a professor of Geology and Geochemistry in Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, and serves as department vice-chair at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests include water chemistry, thermodynamics, gas chemistry, geochemistry, igneous petrology, and metamorphic petrology. Manning is a fellow and past counselor of the Mineralogical Society of America. He serves on the advisory board ofGeochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems, and is associate editor of theAmerican Journal of Science. Manning chairs DCO’s Executive Committee and the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community. He also is a member of the Reservoirs and Fluxes community, as well as Synthesis Group 2019.

  • Dr. Wendy Mao
    Wendy Mao Stanford University, USA
    Dr. Wendy Mao
    Wendy Mao
    Stanford University, USA

    Dr. Wendy Mao is an associate professor of geological sciences and, by courtesy, of geophysics at Stanford University. Mao studies the behavior of materials under compression, which often leads to the discovery of novel phases and new phenomena. Mao was a COMPRES distinguished lecturer, the recipient of a National Science Foundation CAREER award, the Mineralogical Society of America Award, and the Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award from the Advanced Photon Source. Mao serves as co-Chair of the Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community. 

  • Dr. Jung-Fu Lin
    Jung-Fu Lin University of Texas, USA
    Dr. Jung-Fu Lin
    Jung-Fu Lin
    University of Texas, USA

    Dr. Jung-Fu Lin is an associate professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at the Jackson School of Geosciences at the University of Texas. His research focuses on understanding the nature of the Earth's interior and other planetary bodies through direct examination of the properties of planetary materials under high pressure-temperature conditions. Lin is a member of COMPRES, American Geophysical Union, the American Institute of Physics, the Mineralogical Society of America, and an honorary member of the Phi Tao Phi Society of Taiwan. Lin's work was recognized by the National Science Foundatioin with an Early Career Award in Geophysics/Petrology/Geochemistry.

 Header image: Deep Water visualization by Ding Pan.

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