Deep Matter and Energy, June 2019

A new open-access special issue on Deep Matter and Energy contains sixteen papers that span all four DCO Science Communities. Edited by Ho-Kwang Mao (Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), China) and Chengwei Sun (China Academy of Engineering Physics, China), this special issue of Engineering “focuses on the science and technology of deep volatiles, which span the multidisciplinary boundaries of mineralogy, geophysics, geochemistry, biology, and fundamental physics and chemistry at depths ranging from the deep ocean to the Earth’s core, under the common theme of the high-pressure dimension.” It contains papers presented at the Deep Volatiles, Energy, and Environments Summit, which was co-sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Engineering and DCO on 13–14 March 2018 at the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) in Shanghai, China. The summit, organized by HPSTAR and DCO, brought together about 170 scientists from nine nations.

How to cite this special issue: 

Mao H-K, Sun C, eds. (2019) Deep Matter and Energy. Special issue, Engineering 5:3

Table of Contents

Click on the titles below to access the papers.

Editorial for the Special Issue on Deep Matter & Energy Mao H-K, Sun C
Deep Volatiles as the Key for Energy and Environments of the Four-Dimensional Earth System Mao H-K, Schiffries CM
The Deep Carbon Observatory: A Ten-Year Quest to Study Carbon in Earth Schiffries CM, Mangum AJ, Mays JL, Hoon-Starr M, Hazen RM
New Developments in the Calorimetry of High-Temperature Materials Navrotsky A
Data-Driven Discovery in Mineralogy: Recent Advances in Data Resources, Analysis, and Visualization Hazen RM, Downs RT, Eleish A, Fox P, Gagné OC, Golden JJ, Grew ES, Hummer DR, Hystad G, Krivovichev SV, Li C, Liu C, Ma X, Morrison SM, Pan F, Pires AJ, Prabhu A, Ralph J, Runyon SE, Zhong H 
Ophiolite-Hosted Diamond: A New Window for Probing Carbon Cycling in the Deep Mantle Lian D, Yang J
First-Principles Methods in the Investigation of the Chemical and Transport Properties of Materials under Extreme Conditions Tse JS
A Breakthrough in Pressure Generation by a Kawai-Type Multi-Anvil Apparatus with Tungsten Carbide Anvils Ishii T, Liu Z, Katsura T
Development of High-Pressure Multigrain X-Ray Diffraction for Exploring the Earth’s Interior Zhang L, Yuan H, Meng Y, Mao H-K
Tracing the Deep Carbon Cycle Using Metal Stable Isotopes: Opportunities and Challenges Liu S-A, Li S-G
Theoretical Progress and Key Technologies of Onshore Ultra-Deep Oil/Gas Exploration Guo X, Hu D, Li Y, Duan J, Zhang X, Fan X, Duan H, Li W
Composition of Hydrocarbons in Diamonds, Garnet, and Olivine from Diamondiferous Peridotites from the Udachnaya Pipe in Yakutia, Russia Sobolev NV, Tomilenko AA, Bul'bak TA, Logvinova AM
Applications for Nanoscale X-ray Imaging at High Pressure Mao WL, Lin Y, Liu Y, Liu J
Carbonation of Chrysotile under Subduction Conditions Kong M, Lee Y  
Core Metabolic Features and Hot Origin of Bathyarchaeota Feng X, Wang Y, Zubin R, Wang F
Structural Studies on the Cu–H System under Compression Binns J, Peña-Alvarez M, Donnelly M-E, Gregoryanz E, Howie RT, Dalladay-Simpson P


  • Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao
    Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao Carnegie Institution for Science, USA
    Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao
    Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao
    Carnegie Institution for Science, USA

    Ho-Kwang (Dave) Mao is a world leader in the study of materials under pressure and the implications for geoscience, planetary science, physics, chemistry, and materials science. He and colleagues first reached 1 megabar static pressure in 1976, which doubled the previous pressure limit. Since then, his group has consistently extended the range of pressures at which materials can be studied in the laboratory, applying a broad range of laser, synchrotron x-ray, neutron, and other measurement methods.

    He is the recipient of the American Geophysical Union’s 2007 Inge Lehmann Medal; a co-recipient with Russell Hemley of the 2005 Balzan Prize from the Balzan Foundation for mineral physics; the recipient of the 2005 Gregori Aminoff Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science for crystallography; and the 2005 Roebling Medal of the Mineralogical Society of America, among other awards. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Academia Sinica of the Republic of China, a Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and he is a Fellow of American Geophysical Union, the American Physical Society, the Mineralogical Society of America, and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London.

Header image adapted from figure 4. of "A Breakthrough in Pressure Generation by a Kawai-Type Multi-Anvil Apparatus with Tungsten Carbide Anvils," Takayuki Ishii, Zhaodong Liu, Tomoo Katsura. The image depicts cross-sections of cell assemblies in combination with tapered anvils with a TEL of 1.5 mm for room temperature and high temperatures.

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