PROJECT

Deep Carbon: Past to Present

Cambridge University Press, October 2019

Deep Carbon: Past to Present is an edited volume that offers a critical summary of what is known about deep carbon – how it moves within Earth, how much there is, what forms it takes, and how it originates. It provides a new understanding of the global carbon cycle, while addressing disparate but intertwined themes of energy sources, climate change, evolution of life, and mineral diversity (to name a few). Scientists and science students who read it will gain a new understanding of the interconnected cycling of carbon on Earth and why it matters to the past, present, and future of the planet.

Plus, this book is so much more. It comes with problem solving questions, access to datasets and models, serving as a ready-made teaching tool for integration into college curricula. The book also will be of interest to anyone interested in how our planet works to stay in balance.

Deep Carbon: Past to Present is an open access volume that will publish in conjunction with the Fourth International DCO Science meeting in October 2019.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Deep Carbon: Past to Present Orcutt B, Daniel I, Dasgupta R, Trew Crist D, Edmonds M
Chapter 2 Origin and early differentiation of carbon and associated life-essential volatile elements on Earth Dasgupta R, Grewal DS
Chapter 3 Carbon versus other light elements in the core Li J, Chen B, Mookherjee M, Morard G
Chapter 4 Carbon-bearing phases throughout Earth’s interior - evolution through space and time Stagno V,  Cerantola V, Aulbach S, Lobanov S, McCammon CA, Merlini M
Chapter 5 Diamonds and the mantle geodynamics of carbon: Deep mantle carbon evolution from the diamond record Shirey S, Smit KV, Pearson DG, Walter MJ, Aulbach S, Brenker FE, Bureau H, Burnham AD, Cartigny P, Chacko T, Frost DJ, Hauri EH, Jacob DE, Jacobsen SD, Kohn SC, Luth RW, Mikhail S, Navon O, Nestola F, Nimis P, Smith EM, Stachel T, Stagno V, Steele A, Thomassot E, Thomson AR, Weiss Y 
Chapter 6 CO2-rich melts in the Earth Yaxley G, Ghosh S, Kiseeva E, Mallik A, Spandler C, Thomson A, Walter M
Chapter 7 The link between physical and chemical properties of carbon-bearing melts and its application for geophysical image of the Earth’s mantle Gaillard F, Sator N, Gardes E, Guillot B, Massuyeau M, Sifré D, Hammouda T, Richard G
Chapter 8 Carbon dioxide emissions from subaerial volcanic regions: Two decades in review Werner C, Fischer TP, Aiuppa A, Edmonds M, Cardellini C, Carn S, Chiodini G, Cottrell E, Burton M, Shinohara H, Allard P
Chapter 9 Carbon in the convecting mantle Hauri EH, Cottrell E, Kelley KA, Tucker JM, Shimizu Kei, Le Voyer M, Marske J, Saal AE
Chapter 10 How do subduction zones regulate the carbon cycle? Galvez ME, Pubellier M
Chapter 11 A framework for understanding whole Earth carbon cycling Lee C-TA, Jiang H, Dasgupta R, Torres M
Chapter 12 The influence of nanoporosity on the behavior of carbon-bearing fluids Cole D, Striolo A
Chapter 13 A two-dimensional perspective on CH4 isotope clumping: Distinguishing process from source Young E
Chapter 14 Earth as organic chemist Shock E, Bockisch C, Estrada C, Fecteau K, Gould IR, Hartnett H, Johnson K, Robinson K, Shipp J, Williams L 
Chapter 15 New perspectives on abiotic organic synthesis and processing during hydrothermal alteration of the oceanic lithosphere Andreani M, Ménez B
Chapter 16 Carbon in the deep biosphere: Forms, fates, and biogeochemical cycling Lang SQ, Osburn MR, Steen AD
Chapter 17 Biogeography, ecology and evolution of deep life Magnabosco C, Biddle JF, Cockell CS, Jungbluth SP, Twing KI
Chapter 18 The genetics, biochemistry, and biophysics of carbon cycling by deep life Lloyd KG, Sheik CS, Garcia-Moreno B, Royer CA 
Chapter 19 Energy limits for life in the subsurface LaRowe D, Amend J
Chapter 20 Deep carbon through deep time: Data-driven insights

Hazen RM, Bromberg Y, Downs RT, Eleish A, Falkowski PG, Fox P, Giovannelli D, Hummer DR, Hystad G, Golden JJ, Knoll AH, Li C, Liu C, Moore EK, Morrison SM, Muscente AD, Prabhu A, Ralph J, Rucker MY, Runyon SE, Warden LA, Zhong H

About the Editors

  • Dr. Beth Orcutt
    Beth Orcutt Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA
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    Dr. Beth Orcutt
    Beth Orcutt
    Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA

    Dr. Beth Orcutt is a senior research scientist at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences. She is a marine microbial biogeochemist who explores life below the seafloor in sediments and the oceanic crust. Orcutt's research focuses on understanding how microbes thrive in these deep-sea environments, and how their life impacts the cycling of elements on Earth. She is interested in which microbes can live on basalts and sulfides at the seafloor, and which geochemical processes occur on the rock surfaces. She is a member of the Deep Life Community and Task Force 2020.

  • Isabelle Daniel
    Isabelle Daniel Université Claude Bernard Lyon, France
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    Isabelle Daniel
    Isabelle Daniel
    Université Claude Bernard Lyon, France

    Prof. Isabelle Daniel’s research interests focus on geobiology and minerals/rocks under extreme conditions. In her work, she employs advanced in situ experimental and analytical methods such as Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. She investigates serpentinization and serpentine minerals, fluid-rock interactions at high pressure and microorganisms under extreme conditions. Daniel is a faculty member in Earth Sciences at the Université Claude Bernard Lyon1 in France, where she is also affiliated with the Laboratoire de Geologie de Lyon and chairs the Observatoire de Lyon. Because of the depth and breadth of her research, Daniel serves as chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Deep Energy Community and as a member of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Deep Life Community. She is also active in the DCO’s Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community.

  • Rajdeep Dasgupta, Rice University
    Rajdeep Dasgupta Rice University, USA
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    Rajdeep Dasgupta, Rice University
    Rajdeep Dasgupta
    Rice University, USA

    Professor Rajdeep Dasgupta is an experimental petrologist at Rice University, USA, where he has led an independent research group since 2008. He held a two-year post-doctoral research fellow position at Columbia University before joining the Rice University faculty. His research group uses experimental approaches to understand the chemistry of Earth and planetary interiors, with a particular emphasis on the role of magma and magma generation on the differentiation and chemical evolution of terrestrial planets involving atmosphere, crust, mantle, and core. Dasgupta has received the James B. Macelwane medal and the F.W. Clarke Medal, both recognizing his excellence as an early career researcher, and is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.

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