July 2018 Newsletter

From the Deep, a monthly newsletter from DCO
July 2018
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Deep Carbon Observatory
Sampling hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise
The manipulator arm on the remotely operated, deep-sea vehicle Jason uses an isobaric gas-tight sampler to collect samples of fluids and microbes spewing from hydrothermal vents surrounded by a community of tubeworms at a site called "Crab Spa" on the East Pacific Rise. Credit: Stefan Sievert, WHOI/NSF/ROVJason, © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Read more...

Letter from the Director

Our July newsletter features new research by DCO scientists across the life, space, and Earth sciences.
In a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Jesse McNichol (University of Southern California, USA), Stefan Sievert (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA), Jeffrey Seewald (WHOI, USA), and colleagues estimate the global production of organic carbon by microbes living below the seafloor at deep-sea hot springs. Their data reveal a very active subseafloor biosphere that significantly influences global biogeochemical cycling.
Chris Glein (Southwest Research Institute, USA) and an international team of researchers published a paper in Nature reporting the discovery of complex carbon compounds emanating from the ice covered ocean on Saturn’s moon Enceladus. This finding suggests the moon's oceans contain the raw ingredients necessary for life.
Jodie Pall, Sabin Zahirovic, Sebastiano Doss, and Dietmar Müller (University of Sydney, Australia), and colleagues demonstrate that interactions between carbonate platforms and subduction zone volcanism have influenced the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, as well as global climate, on geologic time scales during the past 410 million years.
DCO scientists have also been recognized this month. Congratulations to Tamsin Mather (University of Oxford, UK), who won the 2018 Royal Society Rosalind Franklin Award and Lecture, to Antje Boetius (Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany) who received the 2018 Communicators Award conferred by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft German Research Foundation and the Stifterverband, and to Claire Cousins (University of St Andrews, UK), who was elected to the Royal Society of Edinburgh Young Academy of Scotland.
We encourage you to submit abstracts to sessions of interest to the DCO community at the 2018 AGU Fall Meeting in Washington, DC, USA. The abstract deadline is 1 August 2018.
And lastly, more than 100 DCO scientists will present their research at Goldschmidt 2018 on 12–18 August 2018 in Boston, USA, including many session conveners and keynote speakers. We will report on this meeting next month. 


Craig Schiffries, DCO Director
Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory
Washington DC, USA

News Features

What Lies Beneath: Microbes Thrive Below Seafloor Hot Springs
At deep-sea hot springs, the hot, chemical-rich fluids produced by geothermal processes in the ocean crust mix with cold seawater, providing conditions that support thriving communities of microbes. These organisms survive by chemosynthesis, converting the chemicals in the fluids into usable energy and biomass. They serve as the foundation of a strange ecosystem, including tubeworms, crustaceans, and octopuses, which flourishes in the darkness of the deep sea. Microbes live below the seafloor of the vents as well, but while scientists have investigated the identity of these subseafloor organisms, measuring their productivity has been far more challenging. In a new paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers have discovered that the microbes living below hydrothermal vents systems are surprisingly active. DCO Deep Life Community members Jesse McNichol (now at University of Southern California, USA), and Stefan Sievert (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), USA) and Deep Energy Community member Jeffrey Seewald (WHOI, USA), along with colleagues at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (Germany), measured the activity levels of subsurface microbes while maintaining their local pressure and temperature conditions with specially designed gas-tight samplers. These experiments allowed them to make comprehensive measurements of microbial growth, identify dominant organisms, and estimate the global production of organic carbon by microbes living beneath deep-sea hot springs. Read more...

Saturn’s Moon Enceladus Harbors Complex Carbon Compounds Beneath its Icy Crust
Saturn’s moon Enceladus has a rocky core, surrounded by a global ocean encrusted by a sheet of ice. The moon may not look very hospitable, but data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft suggest that Enceladus has all the raw ingredients necessary for life as we know it. Fly-bys of Enceladus previously revealed liquid water, hydrogen gas, and small carbon compounds, which together could potentially support microbial cells. Cassini’s mission ended in September 2017, when scientists sent it plummeting into Saturn, but researchers are still poring over the data it beamed back to Earth. A new analysis of those data finds that Enceladus not only has small organic molecules, but also larger, more complex carbon compounds bursting from its ocean. Chris Glein (Southwest Research Institute, USA), a member of DCO’s Deep Energy Community and Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community, and an international team of researchers report these findings in a new paper in the journal Nature. Read more...

Global Temperatures Rise When Ancient Reefs Encounter Subduction Zones
Carbonate platforms are ancient reefs that build up over millions of years, composed of the carbon-rich skeletons of coral and other tiny sea creatures. When these reefs get swallowed up by a subduction zone, where one tectonic plate sinks beneath another, the buried carbon can be remobilized and released to the atmosphere through volcanoes lining the subduction zone. A new study by DCO members Jodie Pall, Sabin Zahirovic, Sebastiano Doss, and Dietmar Müller (all at University of Sydney, Australia), and colleagues, finds that the remobilization of reef carbon through volcanoes can have a measurable impact on global climate. The researchers modeled the intersection of carbonate platforms and subduction zones during Earth’s history since the Devonian period, 410 million years ago. By comparing the total length of these intersections to estimates of historic atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, they could pick out periods when liberated reef carbon contributed to warmer temperatures, including during the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, about 55 million years ago. They report their findings in a new paper in the journal Climate of the Past. Read more...

4D Workshop: Deep-time Data Driven Discovery and the Evolution of Earth
The "4D Workshop: Deep-Time Data Driven Discovery and Evolution of Earth" brought together 150 participants and observers from a variety of fields, including geology, biology, data science, modeling and visualization, and science administration, to explore the evolution of our planet and ourselves. The workshop was convened from 4-6 June 2018 and focused on the application of data-driven discovery techniques to important “big questions” in the Earth and life sciences. Read more... 

Deep Carbon Science at the 2018 Goldschmidt Conference
A large contingent of DCO researchers will participate in Goldschmidt 2018 from 12–17 August in Boston, USA. Use this day-by-day guide to find DCO talks and posters taking place at the foremost annual, international conference on geochemistry and related subjects, organized by the European Association of Geochemistry and the Geochemical Society. To add additional items to this listing, please contact the DCO Engagement Team. Read more...

DCO Webinar Wednesdays Summer Data Science Series
In this four-part series, members of DCO’s Data Science Team will walk through best practices for data acquisition, processing, and analytics in the geosciences, using Jupyter Notebooks to analyze the datasets used by all four of DCO’s science communities (Extreme Physics and Chemistry, Reservoirs and Fluxes, Deep Energy, and Deep Life). Synthesis Group 2019 and the DCO Engagement Team are hosting this series. Join us for the last webinar in the series on 8 August 2018 at 2PM EDT. Read more...

Core Logging for Phase 2 of the Oman Drilling Project Starts on D/V Chikyu
On 7 July 2018, members of the Oman Drilling Project boarded the drilling vessel Chikyu in Shimizu port, Japan, to begin logging cores collected during Phase Two fieldwork, which took place from November 2017-February 2018. The team will spend the next two months living and working on board the ship, which houses one of the best core logging facilities in the world. Read more...

New: An Online Guide To Wikipedia
New research underscores the importance of Wikipedia as a source for science. It’s free, it’s the fifth most visited website in the world (Alexa 2017), and receives 8000 views each second! Contrary to popular assumptions, even scientists use it more often than expected. In short, Wikipedia represents an underutilized opportunity to disseminate research. To help you share your science with millions, we’ve created a guide to get you started. Read more...

AGU 2018 Fall Meeting Sessions of Interest to the DCO Community
The 2018 AGU Fall Meeting will take place from 10-14 December 2018 in Washington, DC, USA. With almost 24,000 Earth and space scientists attending in 2017, AGU’s 2018 Fall Meeting promises to be the largest of its kind in the world. This listing provides examples of sessions to which DCO scientists might wish to submit abstracts. Each Section/Focus Group has links where you will find additional sessions for your consideration. To add additional sessions to this listing, please contact the DCO Engagement Team. Abstract submission deadline: 1 August 2018, 11:59 PM EDT

Upcoming Events

AGU 2018 Fall Meeting Abstract Submission Deadline, 1 August 2018, 11:59 PM, EDT
The 2018 AGU Fall Meeting will take place from 10-14 December 2018 in Washington, DC, USA. 

DCO Webinar Wednesdays: Data Science for Geosciences: Analytics, 8 August 2018, 2 PM EDT
In the final webinar of this series, Anirudh Prahbu (Rennselear Polytechnic Institute, USA) will demonstrate real-world “geoscience use cases,” helping participants solve scientific problems using data/model-driven decision-making. 

Goldschmidt 2018, Boston MA, USA, 12-17 August 2018
Goldschmidt is the foremost annual, international conference on geochemistry and related subjects, organized by the Geochemical Society and the European Association of Geochemistry. View DCO sessions of special interest here.

XXII Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, Melbourne, Australia, 13-17 August 2018
The International Mineralogical Association is an umbrella organization uniting professional associations from 38 countries, and its quadrennial meeting is the largest global forum for making contacts and exchanging information with mineral scientists from around the globe. 

The International Carbon Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, 10-14 September 2018
The conference is a joint outreach meeting between three European networks; CarbFix, S4CE and MetalAId, and the Deep Carbon Observatory and CarbonSafe, and includes the DCO workshop, "Catastrophic Perturbations to Earth’s Carbon Cycle" from 10-11 September.

12th Edition of the International Congress on Extremophiles, Naples, Italy, 16-20 September 2018
Extremophiles2018 aims to show the updated state-of-the-art of research on basic and applied aspects of life in extreme environments and to stimulate high quality research, inspiring those already working in the field and young scientists interested in studying extremophiles.

School on Convective and Volcanic Clouds Detecting, Monitoring, and Modeling, Nicolosi, Italy, 28 September-6 October 2018 
The purpose of the school is to train students in the detection, monitoring, and modeling of convective and volcanic clouds, including utilizing a variety of techniques, instruments, and satellite data. 

São Paulo School of Advanced Methane Science, Ilhabela, Brazil, 16-26 October 2018
Participants from around the world will discuss the origin and biogeochemistry of methane, new discoveries regarding methane metabolism, recent research concerning methane flux from terrestrial and marine environments, and newly discovered methanotrophic and methanogenic microorganisms and their role in methane cycling.

International Symposium on Deep Earth Exploration and Practices (DEEP-2018), Beijing, China, 24-26 October 2018
The meeting will serve as a platform where participants exchange ideas on progress in deep exploration of the lithosphere, to better understand deep processes in Earth, expand the new knowledge into practical applications, consider the future, and promote international collaboration on deep exploration of Earth. Registration now open.

GSA Annual Meeting, Indianapolis IN, USA, 4-7 November 2018
The annual meeting of the Geological Society of America will highlight the Indiana area geology, as well as the wider world of geoscience research. 

International Continental Drilling Program Training Course on Continental Scientific Drilling, Windischeschenbach, Germany, 18-23 November 2018
This training course will touch upon all relevant aspects of continental scientific drilling, including project planning and management, pre-site surveys, drilling engineering, sample handling and storage, on-site studies, downhole logging and monitoring, data management, and post-drilling measures. Application deadline: 14 September 2018

AGU Fall Meeting, Washington DC, USA, 10-14 December 2018
The American Geophysical Union’s Fall Meeting is the largest Earth and space science meeting in the world.

Honors and Awards

Tamsin Mather, Reservoirs and Fluxes
University of Oxford, UK
Royal Society Rosalind Franklin Award

Claire Cousins, Deep Life
University of St Andrews, UK
Royal Society of Edinburgh Young Academy of Scotland

Antje Boetius, Deep Life 
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany
2018 Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Communicator Award

Funding Opportunities

GeoPRISMS Program Solicitation
GeoPRISMS (Geodynamic Processes at Rifting and Subducting Margins) Program investigates the coupled geodynamics, earth surface processes, and climate interactions that build and modify continental margins over a wide range of timescales. These interactions cross the shoreline and have applications to margin evolution and dynamics, construction of stratigraphic architecture, accumulation of economic resources, and associated geologic hazards and environmental management. The GeoPRISMS Program includes two broadly integrated science initiatives (Subduction Cycles and Deformation (SCD) and Rift Initiation and Evolution (RIE)), linked by five overarching scientific topics and themes, where transformative advances are likely to occur in the decade 2011-2020, and where a focused scientific program could be most effective. These overarching science topics include 1) Origin and evolution of continental crust; 2) Fluids, magmas and their interactions; 3) Climate-surface-tectonics feedbacks; 4) Geochemical cycles; and 5) Plate boundary deformation and geodynamics. Each of the initiatives has identified primary sites for focused investigations, as well as thematic studies that will complement primary site studies. Full proposal deadline: 13 August 2018

Deep Life Cultivation Internship Program
DCO's Deep Life Community (DLC) realizes that the majority of deep microbial life has been resistant to cultivation in the laboratory, which complicates the characterization of physiological characteristics of deep community members. However, recent studies using bioreactor-cultivation techniques, under high pressure and/or temperature, have resulted in successful enrichment of previously uncultivable archaeal and bacterial components that mediate biogeochemical carbon cycling in the deep subsurface. To maintain and strengthen cultivation strategies in future deep life missions, the DLC will support early career researchers to visit some key laboratories (Inagaki - Kochi, Japan, Bartlett - La Jolla, USA, and others) to learn and practice newly developed cultivation and cultivation-dependent molecular/biogeochemical techniques, using samples from the DLC’s field missions.

C-DEBI: Rolling Call for Research Exchange Proposals
The Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations (C-DEBI) facilitates scientific coordination and collaborations by supporting student, postdoctoral, and faculty exchanges to build, educate, and train the deep subseafloor biosphere community. We award small research exchange grants for Center participants. These grants may be used to support research, travel for presenting C-DEBI research at meetings, or travel exchanges to other partner institutions or institutions that have new tools and techniques that can be applied to C-DEBI research. We anticipate ~10 awards of $500-5,000 with additional matched funds to be granted annually. 

New Publications

View more papers in the DCO publications browser.

Primary productivity below the seafloor at deep-sea hot springs
Jesse McNichol, Hryhoriy Stryhanyuk, Sean P. Sylva, François Thomas, Niculina Musat, Jeffrey S. Seewald, and Stefan M. Sievert
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi:10.1073/pnas.1804351115 

Macromolecular organic compounds from the depths of Enceladus
Frank Postberg, Nozair Khawaja, Bernd Abel, Gael Choblet, Christopher R. Glein, Murthy S. Gudipati, Bryana L. Henderson, Hsiang-Wen Hsu, Sascha Kempf, Fabian Klenner, Georg Moragas-Klostermeyer, Brian Magee, Lenz Nölle, Mark Perry, René Reviol, Jürgen Schmidt, Ralf Srama, Ferdinand Stolz, Gabriel Tobie, Mario Trieloff, and J. Hunter Waite 
Nature doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0246-4

The influence of carbonate platform interactions with subduction zone volcanism on palaeo-atmospheric CO2 since the Devonian 
Jodie Pall, Sabin Zahirovic, Sebastiano Doss, Rakib Hassan, Kara J. Matthews, John Cannon, Michael Gurnis, Louis Moresi, Adrian Lenardic, and R. Dietmar Müller
Climate of the Past doi:10.5194/cp-14-857-2018

Publication Opportunities

Invitation to Contribute to Fluid-Mineral Interactions Special Issue
A new special issue of Minerals will explore advances in the understanding of fluid-rock inteactions. Edited by DCO’s Alberto Vitale Brovarone (Intitut de Minéralogie, de Pysique des Matériaux et de Cosmochimie, IMPMC, CNRS, France) and Simone Tumiati (Università degli studi di Milano, Italy), the thematic issue aims at exploring fluid-mineral processes from different angles, from natural observations, to experimental and theoretical studies and their implications on reactivity and transformations at lithospheric conditions. Contributions related to the study of deep carbon are especially welcome. All members of the DCO Science Network are invited to submit articles. The submission period will run through the end of 2018. Read more...

Employment Opportunities

Assistant (Tenure Track) or Associate Professor Position in Mineral Resources at the University of Geneva, Switzerland
Applicants are expected to lead a diversified research and teaching program in the field of mineral resources. The successful candidate will implement an ambitious research program addressing the fundamental physical and chemical processes involved in ore forming systems in Earth’s crust, combining cutting edge analytical methods with field-based projects, ideally in collaboration with the mining industry. The research projects should also aim at developing novel concepts and tools in economic geology, applicable to regional scale fertility evaluation projects, footprint identification of ore-forming systems, and mineral and geochemical vectoring at the mining district scale. Ultimately, the research goals should be driven by the challenge of securing sustainable raw material supply to our society and future generations. The successful candidate will join a very active department with a long tradition of research in Economic Geology. Application deadline: 31 July 2018

Postdoctoral Position in Carbonate Diagenesis, University of Calgary, Canada
Applications are invited for a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Department of Geoscience at the University of Calgary. The project, funded for two years by the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, is aimed at understanding the processes governing silicification of carbonate rocks during diagenesis. The project will employ a combined experimental, analytical, and modeling approach to examine the role of dissolved organic molecules in mobilizing and transporting silica during carbonate diagenesis.  Thermodynamic and reactive-diffusion modeling of these diagenetic reactions also will be an important focus. Application deadline: 1 August 2018

Postdoctoral Position in the Department of Geosciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
The Department of Geosciences is seeking to appoint a postdoctoral researcher to a five-year position at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, Department of Geosciences, Alpine Cryosphere & Geomorphology Group within the topic of Cryospheric and high mountain research. The Department of Geosciences offers an interdisciplinary, international work environment within the bilingual (German/French) University of Fribourg, Switzerland. Our group has a strong, internationally recognised expertise in monitoring and modelling of physical processes of the alpine cryosphere with a focus on climate change related impacts. To strengthen the methodological focus, we are searching for an excellent candidate with a background in either: numerical modelling and/or remote sensing. Furthermore, we look for scientific experience and initiative in one or several of the following thematic fields, which are covered in our research group: modelling, monitoring and mapping of the alpine cryosphere (mainly glaciers and permafrost), including surface and subsurface processes; and links with climatological, hydrological and/or geomorphological processes - natural hazards.The successful candidate will take part in the teaching curriculum. Application deadline: 15 August 2018

Faculty Positions in Solid Earth Geophysics or Geology, University of Michigan, USA
The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Michigan is searching for candidates in the areas of solid earth geophysics or geology for a tenure-track position at the assistant professor level. This is a university-year appointment with an expected start date of September 1, 2019. We anticipate additional hires in this direction in future years, and are particularly interested in candidates whose strengths will complement existing research programs within the Department. Application deadline: 20 August 2018

Two Faculty Positions in Petrology/Volcanology and Mineral Resources/Economic Geology, University of Alaska Anchorage, USA
The Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Alaska Anchorage seeks to hire two tenure-track faculty members (open rank), with a start date of August 2019. We aim to expand and complement existing areas of research expertise in the Department which include geochemistry, structural geology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, petroleum geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, and planetary geology. The successful candidates are expected to teach undergraduate and graduate courses to a diverse student body in the B.S. and M.S. programs in geological sciences. We seek applicants with a commitment to teaching, research, and partnership building with resource industries and research organizations in Alaska and elsewhere. Application deadline: 31 August 2018

Postdoctoral Research Scientist at Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences is seeking a qualified and highly motivated individual for a postdoctoral research scientist position in the laboratory of Dr. Beth Orcutt. The research will involve study of the marine deep biosphere, focusing on the use of subseafloor observatories to study microbial processes in the subsurface oceanic crust on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The project will involve the possibility to be involved in single-cell based analytical techniques and/or poised potential experiments to examine microbial diversity and activity in the crustal subsurface. Applicants must have at least a PhD in marine sciences, oceanography, environmental microbiology or similar field with a proven publication record. Experience with project management or fieldwork also desired. Proficiency in computer programs for word processing and data entry are a must, as well as good written and oral communication skills. Application deadline: 1 September 2018

PhD Position On Fluid-Rock Interactions and Deep Carbon Cycling, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Torino, Italy
We seek a promising young scientist to pursue PhD research on metamorphic processes of abiotic hydrocarbon generation and recycling at high-pressure conditions relevant to subduction zone forearcs. This topic is gaining an increasing interest in the Earth Science communities, and the goal of this PhD is to provide groundbreaking results from the study of natural samples and their geological environment. The study stems from the recent discovery of processes of abiotic methanogenesis in metamorphic rocks from the Alpine belt. The work will focus on the study of natural samples of metamorphic rocks of mafic/ultramafic composition from different mountain belts, and will include —based on the background of the selected candidate — a combination of petrological/mineralogical and structural observations from the field down to the micro-nanoscale (optical and electron microscopy), geochemical investigations of both solid and fluid phases, including quantifications of Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios in solid phases, stable isotope analysis (C, O, H), and/or thermodynamic modeling in order to reconstruct the formation conditions and speciation of these fluids. The PhD will be based at Torino University, Italy, and will include mobility to Paris, France, within the frame of ongoing collaborations. Application deadline: 5 September 2018

Assistant Professor in Earth Surface Geochemistry (Tenure Track), Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
This appointment will be in the field of Earth Surface Geochemistry. Geology in Trinity College Dublin is setting up an Earth's Surface Research Laboratory, a state-of-the-art facility designed expressly for the analysis of soils and sediment. The facility is fully-funded to undertake a large, 10-year collaborative research project on Earth surface geochemistry and is supported by full-time technical staff. The appointee will direct the facility on a reduced teaching load during the initial term of appointment. The successful candidate will have an opportunity to expand the facility and is expected to develop an active externally funded program of research. Application deadline: 6 September 2018

Assistant Professor (TenureTrack) in Multiple Disciplines, Amherst College, USA
The Amherst College Department of Geology invites applications for a tenure-track appointment at the rank of Assistant Professor with expertise in one of the following broadly defined fields: Climate Science and Paleoclimate; or Mineralogy, Petrology, and High-Temperature Geochemistry; or Structural Geology, Tectonics, and Geophysics. We seek a colleague who is committed to excellence in earth science education in a liberal arts context with a record that demonstrates the promise of high-quality research and who is excited about involving undergraduate students in research projects. Application deadline: 14 September 2018

Assistant/Associate Professor Position in Geomicrobiology, University of Waterloo, Canada
The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (EES) in the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track position at the Assistant or Associate Professor rank in the area of Geomicrobiology. The start date for the appointment can be as early as January 1, 2019. Applicants must have a PhD in a relevant field and a strong track record of scientific achievements, as demonstrated by publications in leading journals and a proven aptitude for interdisciplinary research. The successful candidate will be expected to establish an internationally recognized, and independently funded, research program that will enhance and complement the research and education activities of EES.Applicants should have excellent communication skills and a strong commitment to teaching at the undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Application deadline: 1 October 2018

Wiess and Pan Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships, Rice University, USA
The Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences at Rice University is inviting applications for the Wiess and Pan Postdoctoral Research Fellowships. We are seeking candidates with independent research interests that intersect with one or more faculty within our department. Both domestic and international applicants are welcome, but applicants must have a PhD awarded within three years of the time of appointment. Applicants are requested to develop a proposal of research to be undertaken during the fellowship period. The principal selection criteria are scientific excellence, a clearly expressed research plan to address questions at the forefront of their field of study, and research synergies with at least one faculty. Preference will be given to applicants whose proposals demonstrate independence and originality, and also the potential for collaboration with one or more faculty in the Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences. Application deadline: 1 November 2018

PhD or Postdoctoral Openings - ERC IMPACT Group, Lyon, France
Two openings at the level of PhD or postdoctoral are available for the IMPACT (The Giant Impact and the Earth Formation) European Research Council project based in Lyon, France, starting September 1st, 2018. IMPACT aims to retrace the thermodynamic path of the condensation of the protolunar disk, to bring physical and chemical constraints on the impact model, and to characterize the formation of the Moon and of the Earth. The position is to study the behavior of major rock-forming minerals during the Giant Impact. The aim of the doctoral work is to determine the physical properties and the chemical behavior of the corresponding mineral melts at conditions characteristic to the Giant Impact. For this, the successful candidate(s) will use ab initio molecular-dynamics simulations. He/she will compute the equations of state of the liquid, gas and supercritical states, position the supercritical points and/or surfaces, determine the chemical speciation in the fluids, and predict isotope partitioning factors. Application deadline: Until filled

Postdoctoral Position in Petrology/Geochemistry: Queens College of the City University of New York, USA
Queens College of the City University of New York is soliciting applications for a two-year postdoctoral position that will play a central role in its National Science Foundation-funded project on “Sulfur Isotope Systematics and Oxygen Fugacity Evolution in the 1257 CE Samalas Magma Reservoir, Indonesia.” The selected postdoctoral scholar will be based at Queens College of the City University of New York for year 1 and at Southern Methodist University for year 2. The project will be conducted in close collaboration with Céline Vidal (University of Cambridge), IPGP (France), and CVGHM (Indonesia). The postdoc’s responsibilities will include XANES, FT-IR, EPMA, and SIMS data collection and interpretation, as well as preparation of manuscripts for peer-reviewed publication. The start date is as soon as 1 September 2018. Consideration of applications will begin on June 30th. Application deadline: Until filled

Assistant Professor in Geology – Georgia Southwestern State University, USA
The Geology and Physics Department at Georgia Southwestern State University invites candidates to apply for a tenure-track faculty position in Geology. Qualified candidates must hold a PhD in Geology with a specialty in Mineralogy or Igneous/Metamorphic Petrology. The successful candidate will teach courses in introductory geology, upper-level courses in Geology in their area of specialization, and other courses to be determined by the chair. Experience with X-ray diffraction would be a plus. The successful applicant is also expected to advise students – both as senior thesis advisor and in general within the Geology degree program. The department is active in research and contract work, and continued research and scholarship are expected. Application deadline: Until filled

Postdoctoral Research Associate, Center for Environmental Biotechnology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
The Center for Environmental Biotechnology (CEB) is seeking an enthusiastic, highly motivated postdoctoral research associate to apply cutting-edge metagenomics methods. The position is available starting immediately for one year, with possible renewal for another year upon mutual agreement and availability of funds. Screening of applicants will begin immediately and applications will be considered until the position is filled.The postdoc will apply novel metagenomics methods to study microbial communities in permafrost aquatic sediments of different ages to uncover microbial biodiversity in young to ancient permanently frozen sediments with respect to survivability, metabolic adaptation, and evolutionary changes. The research will take place in a highly collaborative environment with access to state-of-the-art instrumentation and computational resources within the CEB’s Next-Gen Illumina Sequencing Lab, Bioimaging Core Facility, and Bioinformatics Resource Center. The researcher will have opportunities to gain experience in other approaches related to microbial community research, give presentations and write proposals, as well as providing practical supervision of PhD candidates and undergraduate students. Application deadline: Until filled

Postdoctoral Position in Environmental Microbiology – Biogeochemistry, Laboratory of Geology in Lyon, France
The Laboratory of Geology of Lyon (Université Lyon1 & ENS de Lyon, France) invites applications for a postdoctoral research associate in environmental microbiology –biogeochemistry. The project is part of the multi-disciplinary consortium Science For Clean Energy (S4CE) funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. S4CE has been established to understand the underlying mechanisms underpinning sub-surface geo-energy operations and to measure, control and mitigate their environmental risks. The PDRA will work in close collaboration with an international group of scientists on deciphering the role of the subsurface biosphere in the C, N and S biogeochemical cycles affecting energy-generating geo-operations. Research focuses on the analysis of the metabolic activity of key microorganisms that develop at depth in geothermal wells and CO2/H2S injection wells for enhanced geothermal energy (EGT) and carbon capture sequestration (CCS), respectively. Sampling of underground fluids is scheduled at two sites in 2018. The goal of the project is to characterize the metabolism of key microorganisms under subsurface conditions. The research involves the cultivation of various microbial strains of relevance for the sampled subsurface environments under simulated conditions of the subsurface (high pressure and/or high temperature). A unique pressure facility is available at the LGL, allowing monitoring of metabolic reactions using in situ spectroscopy. The initial appointment will be for 18 months in the first instance. Application deadline Until filled

DCO in the News

25 July 2018 Liquid water 'lake' revealed on Mars
By Mary Halton for BBC News
Researchers have found evidence of an existing body of liquid water on Mars...

9 July 2018 Intense conditions turn nitrogen metallic
Nitrogen, the dominant gas in Earth's atmosphere, becomes a metallic fluid when subjected to the extreme pressure and temperature conditions found deep inside our planet... 

2 July 2018 Enceladus’ water plumes contain life clues
By Paul Scott Anderson for EarthSky
Does the subsurface ocean of Saturn’s moon Enceladus contain any kind of life? Newfound complex organic molecules in its water vapor plumes hint we might not be alone in the solar system...

30 June 2018 Saturn's moon Enceladus is now the likeliest place to find alien life
By Denise Chow for NBC News 
Astronomers found complex organic molecules, the building blocks of life, on the small icy moon...

11 June 2018 Fueling a deep-sea ecosystem: Surprisingly productive microbes are a key source of food in the abyss
Miles beneath the ocean's surface in the dark abyss, vast communities of subseafloor microbes at deep-sea hot springs are converting chemicals into energy that allows deep-sea life to survive—and even thrive—in a world without sunlight...

Learn more about DCO's Scientific Communities


Extreme Physics and Chemistry
The Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community is dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.

Reservoirs and Fluxes
The Reservoirs and Fluxes Community is dedicated to identifying the principal deep carbon reservoirs, to determining the mechanisms and rates by which carbon moves among these reservoirs, and to assessing the total carbon budget of Earth.

Deep Energy
The Deep Energy Community is dedicated to developing a fundamental understanding of environments and processes that regulate the volume and rates of production of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.

Deep Life
The Deep Life Community is dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere by exploring the evolutionary and functional diversity of Earth's deep biosphere and its interaction with the carbon cycle.

Thanks for reading! Send us items for future newsletters by emailing Katie Pratt of the DCO Engagement Team. 

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