208 Human-Caused Minerals

Printer-friendly version

Here are the 208 minerals that occur as a result of direct or indirect human processes. Refer to the paper for the complete list of minerals in more detail, including chmistry and localities.

 

Table 1A: List of minerals reported exclusively as human-mediated phases with no confirmed natural occurrences.

 

I. Mine-associated (“post-mine”) minerals

     A. Alteration phases recovered from ore dumps:

delrioite

metadelrioite

rosièresite (questionable species)

schuetteite

smrkovecite

wheatleyite

widgiemoolthalite

 

    B. Alteration phases associated with mine tunnel walls

Adolfpateraite

albrechtschraufite

alwilksinite-(Y)

apexite

běhounekite

belakovskiite

bluelizardite

bobcookite

calciodelrioite

canavesite

cobaltoblödite

cobaltzippeite

fermiite

gatewayite

geschieberite

gunterite

hughesite

jáchymovite

ježekite

kegginite

klaprothite

kokinosite

línekite

magnesiozippeite

manganoblödite

marécottite

mesaite

mathesiusite

meisserite

metamunirite

morrisonite

nickelzippeite

oppenheimerite

ottohahnite

packratite

péligotite

plášilite

pseudojohannite

rakovanite

schindlerite

sejkoraite-(Y)

slavkovite

Štěpite

svornostite

vanarsite

vysokýite

wernerbaurite

wetherillite

zýkaite

 

   C. Mine water precipitates

bluestreakite

ferrarisite

fluckite

lannonite

magnesiopascoite

martyite

phosphorrösslerite

postite

 

    D. Minerals found in slag or the walls of smelters:

cetineite

fiedlerite

georgiadèsite

nealite

simonkolleite

thorikosite

 

    E. Minerals associated with mine dump fires, including coal mine dumps:

acetamide

bazhenovite

cuprospinel

downeyite

guildite

hoelite

kladnoite

laphamite

lausenite

svyatoslavite

 
 

    F. Interaction with mine timbers or leaf litter:

paceite

hoganite

nickelboussingaultite

 

    G. Minerals associated with geothermal piping systems:

ammonioborite

biringuccite

nasinite

 

II. Miscellaneous human-mediated minerals

    A. Minerals associated with alteration of tin archeological artifacts

abhurite

 

    B. Minerals formed in storage cabinets in museums:

calclacite

 

    C. Allegedly from placers, possibly a hoax:

jedwabite

niobocarbide

tantalcarbide

Note: All listed minerals were approved by the IMA CNMNC.

Table 1B: List of minerals interpreted to have been produced inadvertently by human processes or through human mediation at one or more localities, as well as reported to occur naturally or suspected to occur naturally at other localities.

I.Mine-associated (“post-mine”) minerals

    A. Alteration phases recovered from dumps, including ore and serpentinite:

bernalite

boyleite

gunningite

hydromagnesite

kaňkite

krausite

krautite

lansfordite

nesquehonite

orthoserpierite

pharmacolite

ramsbeckite

schulenbergite

scorodite

yvonite

 

    B. Alteration of an exposed ore body:

huemulite

 

    C. Alteration of mine tunnel walls:

andersonite

bayleyite

bianchite

coquimbite

goslarite

kornelite

dietrichite

natrozippeite

pascoite

picropharmacolite

swartzite

uranopilite

zdeněkite

znucalite

 

    D. Minerals found in slag or the walls of smelters:

boleite

claringbullite

cumengeite

cyanochroite

elyite

glaucocerinite

kapellasite

ktenasite

langite

laurionite

lautenthalite

namuwite

nitrobarite

paralaurionite

penfieldite

posnjakite

pseudoboleite

serpierite

wroewolfeite

wülfingite

zlatogorite

 

    E. Minerals associated with mine fires (not coal mines):

butlerite

minium

ransomite

shannonite

yavapaiite

 

    F. Minerals associated with coal mine dumps:

koktaite

 

    G. Minerals associated with coal mine and dump fires; Sublimation from gas escape from coal fires:

alum-(Na)

arsenolite

bararite

barberiite

boussingaultite

cryptohalite

dmisteinbergite

dypingite

efremovite

esseneite

fluorellestadite

godovikovite

gwihabaite

letovocite

mascagnite

mikasaite

millosevichite

mohrite

ravatite

rorisite

rostite

srebrodolskite

tinnunculite

 

   H. Mine water precipitates:

alpersite

jôkokuite

jurbanite

khademite

nickelhexahydrite

phaunouxite

rauenthalite

rossite

sainfeldite

wilcoxite

 

        I. Mine timber alteration:

devilline

pentahydrite

 

       J. Other “post-mine” minerals or context undefined

metarossite

monteponite

rabbittite

rhomboclase

szomolnokite

tschermigite

wupatkiite

 

II. Minerals associated with archeological artifacts

    A. Alteration of lead artifacts

barstowite

cotunnite

phosgenite

 

    B. Alteration of bronze artifacts

atacamite

dtronite

kobyashevite.

    C. Alteration of tin artifacts

romarchite

hydroromarchite

 

    D. Prehistoric sacrificial burning sites

Fayalite

forsterite

stanfieldite

whitlockite

 
 

IV. Miscellaneous human-mediated minerals

    A. Minerals associated with geothermal pipe systems:

larderellite

santite

sassolite

sborgite

 

    B.Mineral associated with alteration of pine railroad tie:

arcanite

 

    C. Mineral formed by alteration of stored drill core:

nickelbischofite

Note: All listed minerals were approved by the IMA CNMNC.