August 2017 Newsletter

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From the Deep, a monthly newsletter from DCO
August 2017
Deep Carbon Observatory
Carbon Mineral Network

A network diagram for 403 carbon minerals reveals previously hidden patterns in their diversity and distribution. Each colored circle represents a different carbon mineral. The size and color of the circles indicates how common or rare each mineral is on Earth. Read more...

Letter from the Director

The Deep Carbon Observatory certainly didn’t experience the August doldrums. Rather, the fast pace of deep carbon science continued unabated.

August began with the unveiling of the “private lives of minerals” by Shaunna Morrison and Robert Hazen (both at the Carnegie Institution for Science, USA), who, with 10 collaborators, demonstrated how they are applying big data analysis to mineralogy with remarkable results. In their American Mineralogist paper, the research team showed how they can use network analysis to predict minerals missing from those known to science and where to find new deposits. Four papers from the Trail by Fire expedition along the South American Andes quantifying volcanic degassing at the scale of an entire subduction zone were published by a team led by Yves Moussallam (University of Cambridge, UK), recipient of the 2016 DCO Emerging Leader Award. Other science insights ranged from experiments extending the range of conditions under which hydrocarbons can form in Earth’s mantle to the role of alkaline springs as an overlooked contributor to Earth’s methane budget.

Congratulations are due to Goldschmidt Organizing and Science Chair Antje Boetius (University of Bremen, Germany) and newly elected President of the European Association of Geochemistry (EAG) and co-organizer Bernard Marty (CRPG Nancy, France) for a successful meeting 13-18 August 2017 that included presentations by more than 150 DCO scientists. During the conference, representatives from the organizing committee recognized many of our DCO colleagues for their contributions to science. Eiji Ohtani (Tohoku University, Japan) received the Harold Urey Award; Shuhei Ono (MIT, USA) was honored as the Paul W. Gast Lecturer; Kai-Uwe Hinrichs (MARUM University of Bremen, Germany) was recognized as the CC Patterson Award lecture; and Deep Life researcher Jill Banfield (University of California, Berkeley, USA) received the conference's top honor, the V.M. Goldschmidt Award.

Of special note, DCO’s film about the Biology Meets Subduction field expedition, which investigated volcanic sites across the Costa Rica convergent margin in early 2017, received first prize at Goldschmidt’s first film festival. The film was selected from among 92 submissions.

At a concurrent conference during this same week, a meeting of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) drew hundreds of volcanologists, including many from the Reservoirs and Fluxes Community. I am pleased to report that Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK) was awarded the Wager Medal, in recognition of her ongoing contributions to volcanology. This medal has particular significance to me, since I wrote my PhD dissertation on layered igneous intrusions, and Wager and Brown's book, Layered Igneous Rocks, was a signature part of my desk for a couple of years.

The third Early Career Workshop is taking place 28 August-2 September in Nicolosi (Etna), Italy. More than 50 scientists are participating in the five-day workshop, which includes two field trips to Mt. Etna. Like its predecessors, this workshop promises to foster a strong core of deep carbon science collaborators for years to come.

And, to conclude, I would like to remind you that the window for nominating early career scientists for the DCO Emerging Leader Awards closes on 29 September. This is a great opportunity to acknowledge the many contributions of our large contingent of early career scientists who are collectively expanding and advancing our understanding of carbon inside Earth. 

Craig Schiffries, DCO Director
Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory
Washington DC, USA

News Features

See your work featured on the DCO website and in the newsletter by katie_pratt [at] uri [dot] edu (contacting Katie Pratt) of the DCO Engagement Team. 

Big Data Points Humanity to New Minerals, New Deposits
Applying big data analysis to mineralogy offers a way to predict minerals missing from those known to science, as well as where to find new deposits, according to a groundbreaking study. In a paper published by American Mineralogist, scientists report the first application to mineralogy of network theory (best known for analysis of e.g. the spread of disease, terrorist networks, or Facebook connections). The results, they say, pioneer a potential way to reveal mineral diversity and distribution worldwide, their evolution through deep time, new trends, and new deposits of valuable minerals such as gold or copper. Led by Shaunna Morrison of the Deep Carbon Observatory and DCO Executive Director Robert Hazen (both at the Carnegie Institution for Science, USA), the paper’s 12 authors include DCO colleagues Peter Fox and Ahmed Eleish at the Keck Foundation sponsored Deep-Time Data Infrastructure Data Science Teams at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA. Read more...

Hydrocarbons Form Surprisingly High Up in Earth’s Mantle
Most textbooks teach that the hydrocarbons in natural gas and oil deposits form from organic remains of long-dead organisms. Even the term “fossil fuel” brings to mind prehistoric plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. Russian geologists and chemists, however, have long championed the idea that abiogenic hydrocarbons also occur, and some recent studies support this idea. In a new paper in the journal Scientific Reports, DCO members Elena Mukhina, Vladimir Kutcherov (both at KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Russia), and Anton Kolesnikov (Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Russia) propose that hydrocarbons can form in the mantle at 70 kilometers deep, far shallower than the previous estimate of 150 kilometers. In the laboratory, the researchers exposed inorganic carbon and water to temperatures and pressures found in the upper mantle, called the asthenosphere. The resulting reactions generated a mix of hydrocarbons similar to natural gas deposits. Read more...

Researchers Investigate the Lighter Side of Earth’s Inner Core
Scientists can generally agree that Earth’s inner core, located more than 5,000 kilometers beneath the surface, is a dense ball of iron with a small amount of nickel. It likely contains lighter elements as well, such as silicon, oxygen, sulfur, carbon, or hydrogen, but researchers have yet to come to a consensus on the identities and quantities of these lighter elements. Sujoy Ghosh (Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India), a member of the Extreme Physics and Chemistry and the Reservoirs and Fluxes Communities, and colleagues, report that a carbon compound called iron carbide, combined with small amounts of silicon impurities, may be an important component of the inner core. The researchers performed computer simulations to model how an iron and nickel core containing either iron carbide, or iron carbide with some silicon, compares to the density and other known characteristics of the inner core. Adding silicon to the simulation gave the best alignment with Earth’s actual characteristics. The researchers report their findings in a new paper in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. Read more...

Alkaline Springs May Signal an Overlooked Part of the Methane Budget
Much research on subsurface methane has focused on biotic methane, which is produced by methanogenic microbes or from the breakdown of organic matter and petroleum at high temperatures in sedimentary basins. Abiotic methane, on the other hand, forms as a result of magma degassing, high-temperature inorganic reactions or, in potentially larger amounts, by low-temperature chemical reactions between hydrogen and carbon dioxide. DCO Deep Energy Community member Giuseppe Etiope (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy), working with colleagues on site at the Federal Geological Survey Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, report a record amount of methane in highly alkaline water collected from one of a series of springs across the Dinaride ophiolite that spans the country. Based on chemical and isotope analysis, the researchers conclude that the methane in these springs formed from abiotic reactions between the carbon in nearby sedimentary rocks and hydrogen gas produced by serpentinization, when water reacts with minerals from the mantle rock peridotite, brought to the surface through plate tectonic processes. In a new paper in the journal Applied Geochemistry, the researchers show that a single hyperalkaline spring can release methane in amounts comparable to that emitted by biotic methane springs in sedimentary basins. Read more...

Taking the Pulse of Andean Volcanoes
It has been nearly two years since the Trail by Fire crew started preparing for their expedition along the South American Andes, which took place from October 2015 to February 2016 and for an additional month in February to March 2017. The team, Yves Moussallam (University of Cambridge, UK), Ian Schipper (Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand), Nial Peters (University College London, UK), Philipson Bani (Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, France), Aaron Curtis (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USA), Talfan Barnie (Nordic Volcanological Center, Iceland), and João Pedro Lages (Università deli Studie di Palermo, Italy), have published an initial suite of four papers. In this article, Yves Moussallam (recipient of the 2016 DCO Emerging Leader Award) summarizes the team’s findings to date. Read more...

Deep Life Cultivates Early Career Scientists
DCO scientist Fumio Inagaki, a member of the Deep Life Community, hosted three early carrier scientists at JAMSTEC as an activity of Deep Life’s Cultivation Fellowship program. Fellows Pauliina Rajala (VTT Technical Research Center of Finland), Amit Kumar (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), and Yi Yang (University of Georgia Athens, USA) began their visit on 31 July at JAMSTEC’s headquarters in Yokosuka, Japan. Read more...

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: 2017 DCO Emerging Leader Awards
The Deep Carbon Observatory invites all members of the DCO community to submit nominations for the 2017 DCO Emerging Leader Awards. These awards, bestowed annually, honor DCO early career scientists for distinguished performance and unique potential as leaders of the deep carbon science community. Award recipients will receive a certificate and a slab of carbonated Oman ophiolite in a beautiful display box, and will be highlighted on the DCO website. Nomination deadline: 29 September 2017. Read more...

DCO at Goldschmidt 2017 Report
The Deep Carbon Observatory Science Network was well represented at the 2017 Goldschmidt Conference in Paris, France, from 13-19 August 2017. DCO delegates presented well over 150 papers during the course of the week and actively participated in the many DCO-related sessions and events. Some of DCO’s communities and projects, including the Executive Committee, the Deep Energy Community, and the Biology Meets Subduction scientific party, leveraged their time in Paris to organize meetings of their own. Read more...

DCO Film Wins Top Prize at Goldschmidt Film Festival
A DCO-produced film, Biology Meets Subduction, won first prize from among 92 submissions at the 2017 Goldschmidt Film Festival in Paris, France. The film festival, convened by Wild Orbit Films, which ran from 13-18 August 2017 was the first of its kind for Goldschmidt. Biology Meets Subduction follows a group of DCO scientists on a unique 12-day sampling expedition across the Costa Rica convergent margin. The film showcases a team of DCO early career scientists as they investigate volcanic sites through the lenses of biology, chemistry, physics, and geology. The science team partnered with Co Lab Productions to create the film. Read more...

IAVCEI General Assembly fosters volcanology community building  
The General Assembly of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of Earth Interior (IAVCEI) was held in Portland, Oregon from 13-18 of August. This Assembly occurs every four years and showcased a vast array of international research in volcano science. DCO researchers contributed numerous presentations and chaired several sessions with topics ranging from volatile degassing during magma storage and ascent to utilizing drones in volcano research. DCO researchers also were involved in organizing Town Hall meetings that have lead to interesting discussions about new initiatives and efforts for volcanology community building. Read more...

Invitation to Contribute to Carbon Degassing Special Theme Issue
A new special theme in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, also known as "G-Cubed,” will explore advances in the field of deep carbon degassing. Edited by DCO’s Tobias Fischer (University of New Mexico, USA), Alessandro Aiuppa (Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy), and Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), the theme is part of the Reservoirs and Fluxes Community’s synthesis activities, and is designed to showcase new results from the DECADE (Deep Earth Carbon Degassing) initiative. All members of the DCO Science Community are invited to submit articles. The submission period will run through 2018. Read more...

DCO Webinar Wednesday: A Blueprint for Creating a Box Model
A new series of DCO webinars focusing on big data, modeling, and visualization launched Wednesday, 17 May 2017. Called “DCO Webinar Wednesdays,” this webinar series builds on the successful workshop program at the Third DCO International Science Meeting and takes place monthly over the summer. We hope you join in to learn from DCO experts about available modeling tools and software packages that you can integrate into your research analysis now. Synthesis Group 2019 and the DCO Engagement Team are hosting this series. The next webinar (A Blueprint for Creating a Box Model with Louise Kellogg  (University of California Davis, USA) will take place on 13 September 2017 at 2pm EDT. Read more...

Upcoming Events

DCO Webinar Wednesday: A Blueprint for Creating a Box Model, 2PM EDT, 13 September 2017
In this webinar, DCO Modeling and Visualization expert Louise Kellogg (University of California, Davis, USA) and colleagues will present a blueprint and virtual “construction manual” for integrating different types of data into a box model.

DCO Webinar Wednesday: Data, Modeling, and Visualization: Ask the Experts! 2PM EDT, 11 October 2017
In the final webinar of this series on data science, modeling, and visualization, join us for a structured discussion and ask questions of any of the presenters in the series. 

PhD School, Como, Italy, 15-20 October 2017
The aim of the school is to present state-of-the-art research on the forms, paths, and processes of carbon in Earth to address the long-term fate of carbon on the planet. 

Third International Training School on Convective and Volcanic Clouds Detection, Monitoring, and Modeling, Tarquinia, Italy, 18-25 October 2017
The purpose of this school is to train students in techniques for detecting, monitoring, and modeling convective and volcanic clouds. Application deadline: 31 August 2017

2017 GSA Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, USA 22-25 October 2017
The annual meeting of the Geological Society of America will take place in Seattle, Washington, and includes opportunities for local field experiences.

AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, 11-15 December 2017 
AGU’s Fall Meeting is the largest Earth and space science meeting in the world. View DCO sessions of special interest. 

Fourth International Diamond School, Bolzano-Bozen, Italy, 29 January - 2 February 2018
The school will provide a general overview of recent advances in diamond research, combining geology, exploration, and gemology of diamond. Pre-registration now open.

Funding Opportunities


Deep Life Cultivation Internship Program
DCO's Deep Life Community (DLC) realizes that the majority of deep microbial life has been resistant to cultivation in the laboratory, which complicates the characterization of physiological characteristics of deep community members. However, recent studies using bioreactor-cultivation techniques, under high pressure and/or temperature, have resulted in successful enrichment of previously uncultivable archaeal and bacterial components that mediate biogeochemical carbon cycling in the deep subsurface. To maintain and strengthen cultivation strategies in future deep life missions, the DLC will support early career researchers to visit some key laboratories (Inagaki - Kochi, Japan, Bartlett - La Jolla, USA, and others) to learn and practice newly developed cultivation and cultivation-dependent molecular/biogeochemical techniques, using samples from the DLC’s field missions.

C-DEBI: Rolling call for Research Exchange Proposals
C-DEBI facilitates scientific coordination and collaborations by supporting student, postdoctoral, and faculty exchanges to build, educate, and train the deep subseafloor biosphere community. We award small research exchange grants for Center participants. These grants may be used to support research, travel for presenting C-DEBI research at meetings, or travel exchanges to other partner institutions or institutions that have new tools and techniques that can be applied to C-DEBI research. We anticipate ~10 awards of $500-5,000 with additional matched funds to be granted annually. 

NSF Earth Sciences Postdoctoral Fellowships
The Division of Earth Sciences (EAR) awards Postdoctoral Fellowships to recent recipients of doctoral degrees to carry out an integrated program of independent research and professional development. Fellowship proposals must address scientific questions within the scope of EAR disciplines and must align with the overall theme for the postdoctoral program. The program supports researchers for a period of up to two years with fellowships that can be taken to the institution of their choice (including institutions abroad). The program is intended to recognize beginning investigators of significant potential, and provide them with research experience, mentorship, and training that will establish them in leadership positions in the Earth Sciences community. Deadline October 25, 2017.

New Publications

View more papers in the DCO publications browser.

Network analysis of mineralogical systems
Shaunna M. Morrison, Chao Liu, Ahmed Eleish, Anirudh Prabhu, Congrui Li, Jolyon Ralph, Robert T. Downs, Joshua J. Golden, Peter Fox, Daniel R. Hummer, Michael B. Meyer, and Robert M. Hazen
American Mineralogist doi:10.2138/am-2017-6104CCBYNCND

Confinement effects on carbon dioxide methanation: A novel mechanism for abiotic methane formation
Thu Le, Alberto Striolo, C. Heath Turner, and David R. Cole
Scientific Reports doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09445-1 

First-principles prediction of Si-doped Fe carbide as one of the possible constituents of Earth's inner core
Tilak Das, Swastika Chatterjee, Sujoy Ghosh, and Tanusri Saha-Dasgupta
Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1002/2017GL073545

Methane and hydrogen in hyperalkaline groundwaters of the serpentinized Dinaride ophiolite belt, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Giuseppe Etiope, Natalija Samardžić, Fausto Grassa, Hazim Hrvatović, Neven Miošić, and Ferid Skoplja
Applied Geochemistry doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2017.07.006

Sustaining persistent lava lakes: Observations from high-resolution gas measurements at Villarrica volcano, Chile
Yves Moussallam, Philipson Bani, Talfan Barnie, Nial Peters, Alessandro Aiuppa, Gaetano Giudice, Álvaro Amigo, Gabriela Velasquez, and Carlos Cardona
Earth and Planetary Science Letters doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.012

Magmatic gas percolation through the old lava dome of El Misti volcano
Yves Moussallam, Nial Peters, Pablo Masias, Fredy Apaza, Talfan Barnie, Ian Schipper, Aaron Curtis, Giancarlo Tamburello, Alessandro Aiuppa, Philipson Bani, Gaetano Giudice, David Pieri, Ashley Gerard Davies, and Clive Oppenheimer
Bulletin of Volcanology doi:10.1007/s00445-017-1129-5

Volcanic gas emissions and degassing dynamics at Ubinas and Sabancaya volcanoes; implications for the volatile budget of the central volcanic zone
Yves Moussallam, Giancarlo Tamburello, Nial Peters, Ian Schipper, Aaron Curtis, Alessandro Aiuppa, Pablo Masias, Marie Boichu, Sophie Bauduin, Talfan Barnie, Philipson Bani, Gaetano Giudice, and Manuel Moussallam
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.06.027

Isotopically (δ13C and δ18O) heavy volcanic plumes from Central Andean volcanoes: a field study
Ian Schipper, Yves Moussallam, Aaron Curtis, Nial Peters, Talfan Barnie, Philipson Bani, H. J. Jost, Doug Hamilton, Alessandro Aiuppa, Giancarlo Tamburello, and Gaetano Giudice
Bulletin of Volcanology doi:10.1007/s00445-017-1146-4

Employment Opportunities

Research Associate in Experimental Mineral-Fluid Physics and Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, UK
Applications are invited for a postdoctoral research position in the University of Cambridge funded by a grant from the Natural Environment Research Council to Prof. Simon Redfern to work on the thermodynamics and kinetics of mineral-fluid interactions. The work will be carried out in the context of work on accelerated weathering of silicates for greenhouse gas removal in collaboration with colleagues from the Universities of Oxford, Southampton, and Cardiff. The experimental part of this project in Cambridge involves investigation of silicate dissolution as a function of pressure and temperature in the diamond anvil cell (DAC) by Raman spectroscopy combined with synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy. We will use in situ analytical techniques to quantify mineral dissolution and precipitation from key mineral phases, and assess the aqueous speciation and solubility of silicate and carbonate mineral mixtures therein. In situ structural transformations of minerals, as well as chemical species released in the aqueous fluid during dissolution/precipitation of minerals, will be determined at a wide range of temperatures and pressures in the high-P/T DAC at the Raman Laboratory (Cambridge), alongside associated synchrotron experiments. The position is open to be filled as soon as possible.

Two Postdoctoral Positions at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, USA
The Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Department is searching for two Postdoctoral Investigators to join their team. These are temporary positions and the initial appointment will be for one year (available immediately) with the possibility of an extension for up to two years. These positions will work in Dr. Julie Huber's laboratory at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute. Dr. Huber's research focuses on the composition and function of microbes in the deepsea to understand microbial dynamics and the resulting biogeochemical implications. Much of her work has involved the ocean crustal aquifer (e.g., hydrothermal systems; ocean ridge and arc volcanoes; and off-ridge sub-seafloor crust). More broadly, her research interests span from the deep-sea to coastal ponds and astrobiology. The Postdoctoral Investigator positions will participate in studies of subseafloor crustal microbial communities. While the primary focus of the work will be in research, the postdoctoral investigator will have an opportunity to participate in educational and outreach activities associated with the project.

Lecturer in Earth Surface Processes at the University of St Andrews, UK
The School of Earth and Environmental Sciences invites applications for a Lectureship-level appointment from individuals who utilize applied, field-based or theoretical approaches to address fundamental questions about the processes that control Earth’s surface environments. We particularly welcome applicants who would expand our core research and teaching strengths in geology, palaeoclimate, geochemistry, and economic geology into a modern environmental context. This could be in fields including (but not limited to) hydrogeology, environmental remediation, environmental mineralogy, remote sensing, GIS and environmental systems (e.g. hydrological, atmosphere, ocean) modeling or global environmental change. Application deadline: 30 September 2017

Postdoctoral Scholar, Microbial Transcriptional Activity in Subseafloor Sediment, University of Munich, Germany
The Orsi Lab at the University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München) is searching for a postdoctoral scholar within the framework of a newly funded project on microbial transcriptional activity in subseafloor sediment. The position involves the extraction and analysis of DNA and RNA from a high number of samples in order to constrain shared and unique biochemical subsistence strategies of subseafloor life. Desired skills in the ideal candidate are experience working with DNA and RNA from low biomass samples, and experience with bioinformatic analysis of large datasets of next generation sequencing data. The city of Munich is located less than one hour from the Alps and hosts a vibrant and intellectually stimulating academic environment that includes major geoscience centers such as the Munich GeoCenter, Munich GeoBio Center, and Origins of Life Munich Initiative. 

Professorship in Geochemistry, University of Munich, Germany
This Professorship of Geochemistry at the University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München) should strengthen the Faculty of Geosciences in research and teaching in the area of Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry. This position is aimed at enhancing interdisciplinary cooperation in geochemical dynamics of lithospheric processes (e.g. magmatic and volcanic systems) on the basis of geochemical experiments and/or field observations. We expect a willingness to explore synergies with experimental volcanology, with the research and teaching unit in mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry, as well as with the Munich Geocenter. The Faculty of Geosciences invites applications for a Professorship (W2) (6 years/tenure track) of Geochemistry commencing on October 1, 2018.

Science Writer and Communications Specialist, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA
This position is an exciting opportunity for you to help communicate the wonder and importance of cutting-edge ocean research to non-scientific audiences. In this science communications role, you would work closely with the director of communications, research staff, and advancement team to create engaging content in support of Bigelow Laboratory’s expanding communications strategies. Excellent science writing ability, attention to detail, critical thinking, creativity, strong work ethic, and interpersonal skills will be key to success. You would report to the director of communications. Your focus would be on content creation, primarily writing. However, as the second member of a small communications team, you would need to be flexible and ready to fully apply yourself to any assigned task. Bigelow Laboratory is a nonprofit research institute that studies the life at the base of food webs in the ocean. Most of these organisms are microscopic in size, but they have a massive influence on the health of our oceans and our planet. Our scientists conduct research in every ocean and bring what they learn back to our state-of-the-art laboratory in East Boothbay, Maine, USA.

2018 Carnegie Fellowships for the Geophysical Laboratory
The Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington invites applications for postdoctoral fellowships. The Geophysical Laboratory emphasizes interdisciplinary experimental and theoretical research in fields ranging from geoscience, microbiology, chemistry, to physics. The Laboratory supports world-class facilities in high-pressure research; organic, stable isotope and biogeochemistry; mineral physics and petrology; and astrobiology. Carnegie Postdoctoral Fellowships are awarded once a year. The deadline for submitting an application is 1 December 2017 and the position begins the following summer or autumn.

DCO in the News

Read more DCO News here

3 August 2017: Interview: Robert Hazen on BBC Science in Action
BBC World Service
Big data analysis on Earth’s known minerals have been used to predict that there are more than one and a half thousand more minerals yet to be discovered. This big data analysis even tells scientists what to look for and where to find them...

3 August 2017: Big Data (and You) Could Help Find 1,500 Undiscovered Minerals
By Emily Matchar for Smithsonian Magazine
Researchers are using new tools to predict where to find new minerals as well as to locate new sources of valuable resources like copper...

2 August 2017: Mit Big Data auf Mineral-Jagd
Netzwerkanalyse könnte bei der Suche nach neuen Mineralen helfen...

2 August 2017: Ilmuwan beralih ke "big data" untuk temukan minyak dan gas
Para ilmuwan yang tengah mencari bahan tambang, mulai dari minyak, gas, tembaga, sampai emas, tengah mengadopsi teknik-teknik yang digunakan perusahaan-perusahaan seperti Netflix dan Amazon dalam menggunakan kumpulan data sangat besar (big data)...

2 August 2017: Un instrument statistic folosit împotriva terorismului permite detectarea zăcămintelor de minereuri
By Florin Bădescu for Agerpres
Un nou instrument statistic, inspirat din lupta împotriva terorismului și care utilizează uriașe bănci de date, permite detectarea zăcămintelor de minereuri cu un grad de certitudine și precizie fără precedent, oferind un important potențial științific și economic...

2 August 2017: Framsteg för dataålderns mineraljägare
By Susanna Hestréus for Sveriges Radio Sweden
Genom att samla all möjlig information som finns om mineraler har forskare från USA kunnat göra en så kallad Big Data-analys. Med hjälp av den har mängder med olika samband avslöjats...

2 August 2017: Data mining: How digging through big data can turn up new mineral deposits
By Joel Hooper for Cosmos Magazine
A team of mineralogists is using the tools of network analysis to understand connections between the Earth’s minerals...

1 August 2017: How Math Can Help Geologists Discover New Minerals
By Nala Rogers for Inside Science
Geological data holds hidden patterns that can reveal new minerals and undiscovered Earth events...

1 August 2017: Neue Mineralfunde dank Big Data
By Anna Clemens for Spektrum
Hunderte bisher unbekannte Minerale verstecken sich im Erdboden. Ein Netzwerk, erzeugt aus großen Datenmengen, enthüllt, wo man suchen muss...

1 August 2017: Un outil antiterroriste permet de détecter des gisements de minérais
Agence France Presse
De nouveaux outils statistiques inspirés de la lutte antiterroriste utilisant d'énormes banques de données permettent de détecter avec un degré de certitude et de précision sans précédent des gisements de minerais, offrant un important potentiel scientifique et économique, selon leurs créateurs...

1 August 2017: Scientists turn to big data in hunt for minerals, oil and gas
Could Netflix and Amazon hold the key to striking oil and gold? Scientists to use big data to hunt for mineral deposits...

1 August 2017: El análisis de redes permite predecir la existencia de 1.500 nuevos minerales
By Julio César Rivas for Agencia EFE
HEl análisis de redes permite predecir la existencia de 1.500 nuevos minerales...

1 August 2017: Crime-tracking tools could point to new mineral reserves
AFP News
Striking gold used to be a matter of luck, but tools used to track criminals, diseases and social networks could soon uncover vast troves of valuable minerals...

Learn more about DCO's Scientific Communities


Deep Life

The Deep Life Community is dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere by exploring the evolutionary and functional diversity of Earth’s deep biosphere and its interaction with the carbon cycle.

Deep Energy

The Deep Energy Community is dedicated to developing a fundamental understanding of environments and processes that regulate the volume and rates of production of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.

Extreme Physics and Chemistry

The Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community is dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.

Reservoirs and Fluxes

The Reservoirs and Fluxes Community is dedicated to identifying the principal deep carbon reservoirs, to determining the mechanisms and rates by which carbon moves among these reservoirs, and to assessing the total carbon budget of Earth.