July 2017 Newsletter

From the Deep, a monthly newsletter from DCO
July 2017
Deep Carbon Observatory
OmanDP and RV Chikyu

Members of the Oman Drilling Project's shipboard science party began core logging onboard D/V Chikyu earlier this month. This is the first time the ship's core logging facilities have been used to process hard rock drilling samples. Image courtesy of the Oman Drilling Project. Read more...

Letter from the Director

July has been a fast-paced month of opportunities and accomplishments for the Deep Carbon Observatory. 

The Oman Drilling Project is making history in Japan, where researchers—including many early career scientists—are characterizing 1500 m of rock cores from Oman aboard the drilling vessel Chikyu, which is at dock between expeditions. This partnership represents a new level of cooperation between the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP), International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP), and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). Initial results from the Oman Drilling Project will be presented in a late-breaking session at the 2017 American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting. 

A large contingent of DCO scientists will participate in the Goldschmidt Conference in Paris, France on 13–18 August 2017. Collectively, they will give 37 presentations in a session on Deep Carbon and more than 100 presentations in other sessions. More than a dozen DCO colleagues will give plenary, keynote, or medal presentations, including Bernard Marty, Alexandra Navrotsky, Cin-Ty Lee, Pierre Cartigny, Alexis Templeton, Max Coleman, Vincenzo Stagno, Jill Banfield, Eiji Ohtani, Robert Hazen, Sebastian Tappe, Ken Takai, Christopher German, Kai-Uwe Hinrichs, Victoria Orphan, Shuhei Ono, and Alberto Vitale Brovarone. In addition, DCO is co-sponsoring a Goldschmidt workshop, “Keep Your Samples Alive (and Connected)!,” which will demonstrate tools for registering physical samples, such as rock or mineral specimens. 

DCO scientists are organizing a wide range of sessions at the 2017 AGU Fall Meeting in New Orleans, USA on 11-15 December 2017. We encourage DCO members to present their research in these and other sessions. The abstract submission deadline is 2 August 2017. 

Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), chair of the DCO Synthesis Group 2019, rather fittingly has published a paper in Science synthesizing global data sets on volcanic arc emissions. Edmonds and her colleagues conclude that arc volcanoes recycle a large fraction of their carbon from Earth’s crust. Their findings indicate that we may be underestimating the amount of carbon entering the mantle through subduction of tectonic plates.

In another synthesis development, the Geological Society of London has designated 2019 as the “Year of Carbon,” which coincides with the decadal celebration of the Deep Carbon Observatory. 

Last but not least, we encourage you to nominate early career scientists for the DCO Emerging Leader Awards. Bringing this letter full circle, award recipients will receive a slab of carbonated ophiolite from Oman. 

Craig Schiffries, DCO Director
Carnegie Institution for Science, Geophysical Laboratory
Washington DC, USA

News Features

See your work featured on the DCO website and in the newsletter by contacting Katie Pratt of the DCO Engagement Team. 

The Shallow Carbon Cycle: Arc Volcanoes Recycle Carbon from Earth’s Crust
Earth is a habitable planet due to the balance of carbon cycling between subsurface and surface environments. Without this deep carbon cycle, we would have neither the climate we know today, nor a breathable atmosphere. Scientists have long thought that carbon emitted from volcanoes is an important part of this balanced equation, but the exact origins of volcanic carbon are difficult to find and quantify. A new study by Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), Co-chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Reservoirs and Fluxes Community and Chair of Synthesis Group 2019, and colleagues, finds that arc volcanoes recycle a large fraction of their carbon from Earth’s crust, rather than drawing from deeper sources. Arc volcanoes form along the edge of collision boundaries between two tectonic plates, usually when oceanic plates “subduct” or sink beneath continental plates. The findings suggest that a smaller percentage of deep subducted carbon outgasses through volcanoes than expected, which has implications for studies of Earth’s past climate and for the return of carbon to the deep mantle. The researchers report their findings in a new paper in the journal Science. Read more...

Stable Iron Carbonates Survive Journey to Earth’s Interior
Super-deep diamonds that formed more than 670 kilometers below Earth’s surface sometimes contain pieces of carbonates, compounds with a carbon atom attached to three oxygen atoms (CO3). Carbonate minerals are collectively the largest carbon reservoir in Earth’s crust owing to high oxygen levels in the atmosphere, but exactly how these compounds survive the trip into the mantle and become encased in diamonds is unknown. In a new paper in the journal Nature Communications, Valerio Cerantola (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France), a member of the DCO Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community, and colleagues, report that carbonates may enter Earth’s deep subsurface in a highly stable compound that forms from iron carbonate. Cerantola worked with fellow DCO members Catherine McCammon (University of Bayreuth, Germany), Ilya Kupenko (now at University of Münster, Germany), Marco Merlini (University of Milano, Italy), Leyla Ismailova (Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Russia), Alexandr Chumakov (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, France), and Leonid Dubrovinsky (University of Bayreuth, Germany) to investigate the behavior of iron carbonate at the high pressure and temperature conditions present in the deep mantle. They showed that under these extreme conditions, carbonate molecules can reorganize so that the carbon carries an extra oxygen atom, forming a tetrahedral shape. The researchers detected two new compounds created at high temperature and pressure, with one “tetracarbonate” having the potential to survive travel deep into the lower mantle, where it may play a role in diamond formation. Read more...

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: 2017 DCO Emerging Leader Awards
The Deep Carbon Observatory invites all members of the DCO community to submit nominations for the 2017 DCO Emerging Leader Awards. These awards, bestowed annually, honor DCO early career scientists for distinguished performance and unique potential as leaders of the deep carbon science community. Award recipients will receive a certificate and a slab of carbonated Oman ophiolite in a beautiful display box, and will be highlighted on the DCO website. Nomination deadline: 29 September 2017. Read more...

Oman Drilling Project Continues with Core Logging on Scientific Drilling Vessel Chikyu
Phase one of the Oman Drilling Project has moved to Japan, to the drilling vessel Chikyu, where detailed analysis of cores is underway. The shipboard Science Party of 67, including six Omani trainees, is performing detailed, IODP-standard logging of 1500m of core. The core logging, which began earlier this month, will continue through 15 September 2017. This is the first time D/V Chikyu core logging facilities have been used to process hard rock drilling samples. Read more...

2019 named “Year of Carbon” by Geological Society of London
The Geological Society of London (GSL) announced recently that it is has designated 2019 as “The Year of Carbon.” A continuation of “themed years” launched in 2015, “The Year of Carbon” will fulfill GSL’s science strategy to promote geoscience, advance understanding of the geosphere and scientific knowledge, and help the public understand the importance of geoscience and its value to society. Since 2015, theme years have focused on mud, water, risk, and resources. Read more...

A Vision Beyond 2019: An interview with Task Force 2020 Chair Claude Jaupart
Katie Pratt (of DCO’s Engagement Team) and Darlene Trew Crist (manager of Synthesis Group 2019) sat down with Claude Jaupart (Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France) to talk about the mission of Task Force 2020 and plans to achieve an evolution of DCO beyond 2019. This article is an excerpt of that conversation. Read more...

Invitation to Contribute to Carbon Degassing Special Theme Issue
A new special theme in Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, also known as "G-Cubed,” will explore advances in the field of deep carbon degassing. Edited by DCO’s Tobias Fischer (University of New Mexico, USA), Alessandro Aiuppa (Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy), and Marie Edmonds (University of Cambridge, UK), the theme is part of the Reservoirs and Fluxes Community’s synthesis activities, and is designed to showcase new results from the DECADE (Deep Earth Carbon Degassing) initiative. All members of the DCO Science Community are invited to submit articles. The submission period will run through 2018. Read more...

Deep Carbon Science at the 2017 Goldschmidt Conference
A large contingent of DCO researchers will participate in Goldschmidt 2017 from 13–18 August in Paris, France. Use this day-by-day guide to find DCO talks and posters taking place at this foremost annual, international conference on geochemistry and related subjects, organized by the European Association of Geochemistry and the Geochemical Society. To add additional items to this listing, please contact the DCO Engagement Team. Read more...

DCO Workshop at Goldschmidt 2017: Keep Your Samples Alive (and Connected)!
Does your research involve collecting, analyzing, and storing physical samples such as rock or mineral specimens, cores of sediment, soil, ice, and other materials, and water or gas samples? If the answer is yes, please join us for a free lunch and workshop on Tuesday, 16 August 2017, from 12:45-2:30PM in room 341. The workshop, led by Kerstin Lehnert (Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, USA) will include a demonstration of existing online tools for sample registration and time for questions and discussion. Please register for the workshop using this online form by Monday, 31 July 2017. Read more...

AGU 2017 Fall Meeting Sessions of Interest to the DCO Community
The 2017 AGU Fall Meeting will take place in New Orleans, USA from 11-15 December 2017. The abstract submission window is now open, and there are a variety of sessions of interest to the DCO Community. A list of these sessions is available on the DCO website. To add additional sessions to this listing, please contact the DCO Engagement Team. Abstract submission deadline: 2 August 2017 Read more...

DCO Webinar Wednesdays: Explore Data Science, Modeling, and Visualization
A new series of DCO webinars focusing on big data, and modeling and visualization launched Wednesday, 17 May 2017. Called “DCO Webinar Wednesdays,” this webinar series builds on the successful workshop program at the Third DCO International Science Meeting and takes place monthly over the summer. We hope you join in to learn from DCO experts in data science, modeling, and data visualization, who will guide you through a series of available modeling tools and software packages that you can integrate into your research now. Synthesis Group 2019 and the DCO Engagement Team are hosting this series. The next webinar (Doing Data Science in Jupyter Notebooks - Volcanoes and Visualization with Feifei Pan (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA)) will take place on 9 August 2017 at 2pm EDT. Read more... 

APPLY NOW: Fourth International Diamond School
This school will provide a general overview of the recent advances in diamond research, combining geology, exploration, and gemology of diamond, including theoretical lectures and practical sessions focused on microscope observations of a complete inclusion-bearing diamond collection and micro-Raman spectroscopy analyses. Masters students, PhD students, and senior researchers of any research fields are welcome to apply to the school, which will take place at the Università di Padova, Bressanone-Brixen (Bolzano-Bozen, Italy) from 29 January - 2 February 2018. Read more...

Upcoming Events

DCO Webinar Wednesday: Doing Data Science in Jupyter Notebooks - Volcanoes and Visualizations, 2PM EDT, 9 August 2017
Join Feifei Pan (Rennselear Polytechnic Institute, USA) to learn how to use Jupyter Notebooks to construct a smart visualization tool. Using data compiled by the Global Volcanism Program, you will learn how to plot and map volcanoes in Western Europe with Basalt/Picro-Basalt as their primary rock type.

Goldschmidt 2017, Paris, France, 13-18 August 2017
Goldschmidt, the foremost annual, international conference on geochemistry and related subjects, will be held in Paris in 2017. View DCO participation.

IAVCEI 2017 Scientific Assembly, Portland, Oregon, USA, 14-18 August 2017
This conference will cover planetary volcanology and chemistry of Earth's interior and eruption dynamics, including consideration of the environmental and social impacts of eruptions. 

Third DCO Early Career Scientist Workshop, Etna, Italy, 28 August-2 September 2017
This workshop will bring together the next generation of researchers from around the world, who are active in deep carbon studies. 

DCO Webinar Wednesday: A Blueprint for Creating a Box Model, 2PM EDT, 13 September 2017
In this webinar, DCO Modeling and Visualization expert Louise Kellogg (University of California, Davis, USA) and colleagues will present a blueprint and virtual “construction manual” for integrating different types of data into a box model.

DCO Webinar Wednesday: Data, Modeling, and Visualization: Ask the Experts! 2PM EDT, 11 October 2017
In the final webinar of this series on data science, modeling, and visualization, join us for a structured discussion and ask questions of any of the presenters in the series. 

PhD School, Como, Italy, 15-20 October 2017
The aim of the school is to present state-of-the-art research on the forms, paths, and processes of carbon in Earth to address the long-term fate of carbon on the planet. 

Third International Training School on Convective and Volcanic Clouds Detection, Monitoring, and Modeling, Tarquinia, Italy, 18-25 October 2017
The purpose of this school is to train students in techniques for detecting, monitoring, and modeling convective and volcanic clouds. Application deadline: 31 August 2017

2017 GSA Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, USA 22-25 October 2017
The annual meeting of the Geological Society of America will take place in Seattle, Washington, and includes opportunities for local field experiences. Abstract submission deadline: 1 August 2017

AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans, 11-15 December 2017 
AGU’s Fall Meeting is the largest Earth and space science meeting in the world. View DCO sessions of special interest. Abstract submission deadline: 2 August 2017

Fourth International Diamond School, Bolzano-Bozen, Italy, 29 January - 2 February 2018
The school will provide a general overview of recent advances in diamond research, combining geology, exploration, and gemology of diamond. Pre-registration now open.

Funding Opportunities

DCO Reservoirs and Fluxes Call for Proposals: Tectonic Fluxes of Deep Carbon
The Reservoirs and Fluxes Community of the Deep Carbon Observatory invites proposal applications (with a budget up to US $50,000) to synthesize observations and data on the pathways and magnitudes of Tectonic Fluxes of Deep Carbon. A competitive proposal should quantitatively describe pathways of carbon mobility that are: (A) triggered and/or mediated by tectonic activity, and (B) should focus on carbon fluxes that are on pathways directly from the mantle or crust into the oceans and atmosphere and vice versa (ingassing). They should not include the obviously volcanic examples of diffuse degassing, or transport of carbon into the oceans by river systems. A quantitative global tectonic carbon flux, and its uncertainty, is a required final outcome of the study to be funded. Data used in the quantification of fluxes in the project will be archived with the assistance of the DCO Data Science Team, and made accessible to the wider community within one year of the expiration of the project, in compliance with DCO Data Policy. The proposal should consist of a cover page, a research statement (no more than three pages, single spaced 12-point font, bibliography excluded), a budget (not exceeding US $50,000), and CVs of the project participants. Please email proposals to Erik Hauri by 15 August 2017; the award will be made with a starting date of 15 September 2017 and must conclude by 31 May 2018.

Beckman Young Investigator Program
The Beckman Young Investigator (BYI) Program provides research support to the most promising young faculty members in the early stages of their academic careers in the chemical and life sciences, particularly to foster the invention of methods, instruments, and materials that will open up new avenues of research in science. Projects proposed for the BYI program should be truly innovative, high-risk, and show promise for contributing to significant advances in chemistry and the life sciences. They should represent a departure from current research directions rather than an extension or expansion of existing programs. Proposed research that cuts across traditional boundaries of scientific disciplines is encouraged. Proposals that open new avenues of research in chemistry and life sciences by fostering the invention of methods, instruments, and materials will be given additional consideration. Application deadline: 14 August 2017

Deep Life Cultivation Internship Program
DCO's Deep Life Community (DLC) realizes that the majority of deep microbial life has been resistant to cultivation in the laboratory, which complicates the characterization of physiological characteristics of deep community members. However, recent studies using bioreactor-cultivation techniques, under high pressure and/or temperature, have resulted in successful enrichment of previously uncultivable archaeal and bacterial components that mediate biogeochemical carbon cycling in the deep subsurface. To maintain and strengthen cultivation strategies in future deep life missions, the DLC will support early career researchers to visit some key laboratories (Inagaki - Kochi, Japan, Bartlett - La Jolla, USA, and others) to learn and practice newly developed cultivation and cultivation-dependent molecular/biogeochemical techniques, using samples from the DLC’s field missions.

2017 Simons Postdoctoral Fellowships in Marine Microbial Ecology
The Simons Foundation invites applications for postdoctoral fellowships to support research on fundamental problems in marine microbial ecology. The Foundation is particularly interested in applicants with training in different fields who want to apply their experience to understanding the role of microorganisms in shaping ocean processes and vice versa, as well as applicants with experience in modeling or theory development. While cross-disciplinary applicants will receive particular attention, applicants already involved in ocean research are also encouraged to apply. The Foundation anticipates awarding five fellowships in 2017.

C-DEBI: Rolling call for Research Exchange Proposals
C-DEBI facilitates scientific coordination and collaborations by supporting student, postdoctoral, and faculty exchanges to build, educate, and train the deep subseafloor biosphere community. We award small research exchange grants for Center participants. These grants may be used to support research, travel for presenting C-DEBI research at meetings, or travel exchanges to other partner institutions or institutions that have new tools and techniques that can be applied to C-DEBI research. We anticipate ~10 awards of $500-5,000 with additional matched funds to be granted annually. 

New Publications

View more papers in the DCO publications browser.

Remobilization of crustal carbon may dominate volcanic arc emissions
Emily Mason, Marie Edmonds, and Alexandra V. Turchyn
Science doi:10.1126/science.aan5049

Stability of iron-bearing carbonates in the deep Earth’s interior
Valerio Cerantola, Elena Bykova, Ilya Kupenko, Marco Merlini, Leyla Ismailova, Catherine McCammon, Maxim Bykov, Alexandr I. Chumakov, Sylvain Petitgirard, Innokenty Kantor, Volodymyr Svitlyk, Jeroen Jacobs, Michael Hanfland, Mohamed Mezouar, Clemens Prescher, Rudolf Rüffer, Vitali B. Prakapenka, and Leonid Dubrovinsky
Nature Communications doi:10.1038/ncomms15960

Employment Opportunities

Two Postdoctoral Positions at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, USA
The Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Department is searching for two Postdoctoral Investigators to join their team. These are temporary positions and the initial appointment will be for one year starting (available immediately) with the possibility of an extension for up to two years. These positions will work in Dr. Julie Huber's laboratory at WHOI. Dr. Huber's research focuses on the composition and function of microbes in the deep-sea, to understand microbial dynamics and the resulting biogeochemical implications. Much of her work has involved the ocean crustal aquifer (e.g., hydrothermal systems; ocean ridge and arc volcanoes; off-ridge sub-seafloor crust). More broadly, her research interests span from the deep-sea to coastal ponds and astrobiology. The Postdoctoral Investigator positions will participate in studies of subseafloor crustal microbial communities. While the primary focus of the work will be in research, the postdoctoral investigator will have an opportunity to participate in educational and outreach activities associated with the project.

International Continental Scientific Drilling Program Staff Scientist, GFZ Potsdam, Germany
The GFZ hosts, at the Centre for Scientific Drilling, the Operational Support Group (OSG) of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP). The OSG serves the scientific community through operational and financial support for high-profile international scientific drilling projects. ICDP projects contribute significantly to major advances in understanding Earth’s environment and life, sustainable georesources and natural disasters. ICDP is funding a staff scientist to support and supervise scientific data acquisition in ICDP projects in the field, in labs, and in core repositories. This staff scientist will enhance the co-operation between project scientists and ICDP through implementing continuous communication, protocols and standards, and the publication of project reports and scientific data sets. Application deadline: 15 August 2017

Lecturer in Geochemistry at Birkbeck College, London, UK
We seek to employ a Lecturer in Geochemistry with an overall research focus related to understanding the evolution of the solid Earth, to complement existing strengths within the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Birkbeck, and the Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences (IEPS), which is joint with the UCL Department of Earth Sciences. Areas of specialization might include, but are not limited to, isotope geochemistry, igneous/metamorphic processes, and Earth/planet/asteroid/comet evolution, with research skills in observation, measurement and modeling. The successful candidate will provide evidence for experience at the highest levels in research, and strong commitments to developing high-quality teaching and administration. As a member of IEPS, the successful candidate will engage with a wider community of existing geology, geophysics, and planetary science staff who have expertise in, amongst other topics, studies of the deep Earth and planetary interiors, geochemistry, surface processes, seismology, and natural hazards. Application deadline: 23 August 2017

Postdoctoral Scholar Position at The University of Pennsylvania, USA
The Department of Earth and Environmental Science at the University of Pennsylvania seeks a postdoctoral scholar to study microbial remediation of asbestos through chemosynthesis. The position involves the cultivation of chemosynthetic microorganisms relevant to Fe- and N-based energy metabolisms. DESIRED LABORATORY SKILLS INCLUDE: (i) experience with microbial cultivation under batch and/or continuous culture conditions, (ii) experience with aqueous geochemistry techniques, (iii) experience with epifluorescent, SEM and/or TEM microscopy and (iv) basic molecular techniques. DESIRED ACADEMIC SKILLS INCLUDE: (i) team-working and interpersonal skills, (ii) excellent written and oral communication skills, (iii) commitment to developing peer-reviewed manuscripts, and (iv) desire to work at the intersection between geology, chemistry, and biology. The position is available starting 1 September 2017. Applications are accepted until position is filled. Successful completion of a PhD is required at the time of appointment.

Tenure-track Faculty Position in Solid Earth Geochemistry/Petrology at the Pennsylvania State University, USA
The Department of Geosciences at The Pennsylvania State University invites applications for a tenure-track faculty position at the Assistant Professor level in Solid Earth Geochemistry. We seek a colleague who creatively uses theoretical, observational, analytical, and/or experimental approaches to address fundamental problems related to the mineralogy, petrology, and geochemistry of the solid Earth. Candidates with expertise in planets and meteorites also will be considered. Successful applicants will be expected to contribute to a diverse research and teaching community in the Department of Geosciences through the development of a vigorous, internationally recognized, and externally funded research program, and through teaching courses in their discipline at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The Department of Geosciences is part of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, and houses research programs and state-of-the-art analytical facilities spanning a broad spectrum of Earth Science disciplines. Review of applications will begin on 1 September 2017.

Lecturer in Earth Surface Processes at the University of St Andrews, UK
The School of Earth and Environmental Sciences invites applications for a Lectureship-level appointment from individuals that utilize applied, field-based or theoretical approaches to address fundamental questions about the processes that control Earth’s surface environments. We particularly welcome applicants who would expand our core research and teaching strengths in geology, palaeoclimate, geochemistry, and economic geology into a modern environmental context. This could be in fields including (but not limited to) hydrogeology, environmental remediation, environmental mineralogy, remote sensing, GIS and environmental systems (e.g. hydrological, atmosphere, ocean) modeling or global environmental change. Application deadline: 30 September 2017

Postdoctoral Scholar, Microbial Transcriptional Activity in Subseafloor Sediment, University of Munich, Germany
The Orsi lab at the University of Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München) is searching for a postdoctoral scholar within the framework of a newly funded project on microbial transcriptional activity in subseafloor sediment. The position involves the extraction and analysis of DNA and RNA from a high number of samples in order to constrain shared and unique biochemical subsistence strategies of subseafloor life. Desired skills in the ideal candidate are experience working with DNA and RNA from low biomass samples, and experience with bioinformatic analysis of large datasets of next generation sequencing data. The city of Munich is located less than one hour from the Alps and hosts a vibrant and intellectually stimulating academic environment that includes major geoscience centers such as the Munich GeoCenter, Munich GeoBio Center, and Origins of Life Munich Initiative. 

DCO in the News

Read more DCO News here

August 2017: Life on Earth came from a hot volcanic pool, not the sea, new evidence suggests
By Martin J. Van Kranendonk, David W. Deamer, and Tara Djokic for Scientific American
Deep oceans were thought to hold life's origins. New evidence points instead to an active volcanic landscape...

21 July 2017: Link between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions may influence evolution
By Brooks Hays for UPI
"This makes us fundamentally re-evaluate the evolution of the carbon cycle," said researcher Marie Edmonds...

20 July 2017: Crustal limestone platforms feed carbon to many of Earth's arc volcanoes
Science Daily
A new analysis suggests that much of the carbon released from volcanic arcs, chains of volcanoes that arise along the tectonic plates of a subduction zone, comes from remobilizing limestone reservoirs in the Earth's crust...

18 July 2017: Did life begin on land rather than in the sea?
Science Daily
For three years, Tara Djokic, a Ph.D. student at the University of New South Wales Sydney, scoured the forbidding landscape of the Pilbara region of Western Australia looking for clues to how ancient microbes could have produced the abundant stromatolites that were discovered there in the 1970s...

12 July 2017: How sunlight might have jump-started life on Earth
By Roland Pease for Science Magazine
Life on Earth is a paradox—to function, all organisms need energy...


Learn more about DCO's Scientific Communities


Deep Life

The Deep Life Community is dedicated to assessing the nature and extent of the deep microbial and viral biosphere by exploring the evolutionary and functional diversity of Earth’s deep biosphere and its interaction with the carbon cycle.

Deep Energy

The Deep Energy Community is dedicated to developing a fundamental understanding of environments and processes that regulate the volume and rates of production of abiogenic hydrocarbons and other organic species in the crust and mantle through geological time.

Extreme Physics and Chemistry

The Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community is dedicated to improving our understanding of the physical and chemical behavior of carbon at extreme conditions, as found in the deep interiors of Earth and other planets.

Reservoirs and Fluxes

The Reservoirs and Fluxes Community is dedicated to identifying the principal deep carbon reservoirs, to determining the mechanisms and rates by which carbon moves among these reservoirs, and to assessing the total carbon budget of Earth.

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