Carbon in Planetary Interiors

AGU Monograph, October 2019

Carbon in Planetary Interiors is a special AGU Monograph providing a compilation of what has been learned by the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community over the last decade. An edited volume, it combines results across traditional boundaries—mineral physics, materials science, petrology, geochemistry—and captures and synthesizes the exciting results of recent, focused efforts in the emerging field of deep carbon science. It will serve as a reference for future deep carbon science researchThe book highlights new results on carbon in minerals, melts, and fluids at extreme conditions of planetary interiors. It brings together emerging insights into carbon’s forms, transformations and movements via chapters on the dynamics, structure, stability and reactivity of carbon-based natural materials, the properties of allied substances that carry carbon and rates of chemical and physical transformations, and the complex interactions between moving fluids, magmas, and rocks.

The book includes selected review papers on key, general topics, such as carbonate minerals, the deep carbon cycle, and carbon in magmas or fluids, as well as chapters describing new results at the frontiers of the field. The book is unprecedented in its comprehensive scope, covering carbon in all its forms and various chemical redox

Carbon in Planetary Interiors will be published in the fall of 2019.


  • Dr. Craig Manning
    Craig E. Manning University of California, Los Angeles, USA
    Dr. Craig Manning
    Craig E. Manning
    University of California, Los Angeles, USA

    Dr. Craig Manning is a professor of Geology and Geochemistry in Earth, Planetary, and Space Sciences, and serves as department vice-chair at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research interests include water chemistry, thermodynamics, gas chemistry, geochemistry, igneous petrology, and metamorphic petrology. Manning is a fellow and past counselor of the Mineralogical Society of America. He serves on the advisory board ofGeochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems, and is associate editor of theAmerican Journal of Science. Manning chairs DCO’s Executive Committee and the Extreme Physics and Chemistry community. He also is a member of the Reservoirs and Fluxes community, as well as Synthesis Group 2019.

  • Dr. Wendy Mao
    Wendy Mao Stanford University, USA
    Dr. Wendy Mao
    Wendy Mao
    Stanford University, USA

    Dr. Wendy Mao is an associate professor of geological sciences and, by courtesy, of geophysics at Stanford University. Mao studies the behavior of materials under compression, which often leads to the discovery of novel phases and new phenomena. Mao was a COMPRES distinguished lecturer, the recipient of a National Science Foundation CAREER award, the Mineralogical Society of America Award, and the Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award from the Advanced Photon Source. Mao serves as co-Chair of the Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community. 

  • Dr. Jung-Fu Lin
    Jung-Fu Lin University of Texas, USA
    Dr. Jung-Fu Lin
    Jung-Fu Lin
    University of Texas, USA

    Dr. Jung-Fu Lin is an associate professor in the Department of Geological Sciences at the Jackson School of Geosciences at the University of Texas. His research focuses on understanding the nature of the Earth's interior and other planetary bodies through direct examination of the properties of planetary materials under high pressure-temperature conditions. Lin is a member of COMPRES, American Geophysical Union, the American Institute of Physics, the Mineralogical Society of America, and an honorary member of the Phi Tao Phi Society of Taiwan. Lin's work was recognized by the National Science Foundatioin with an Early Career Award in Geophysics/Petrology/Geochemistry.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Carbon redox chemistry at high pressures and temperatures
Choong-Shik Yoo
Chapter 2 Structural and chemical modifications of carbon dioxide in the deep Earth
M. Santoro, F. Gorelli, D. Scelta, K. Dziubek, Roberto Bini
Chapter 3 Structures and crystal chemistry of carbonate at Earth's mantle conditions
Marco Merlini, S. Milani, J. Maurice
Chapter 4 Carbonate mineral structures in the Earth’s mantle
Eglantine Boulard, F. Guyot, G. Fiquet
Chapter 5 Pressure-induced sp2-sp3 transitions in carbon-bearing phases
Sergey Lobanov, Alexander Goncharov
Chapter 6 High-pressure Na-Ca carbonates in deep carbon cycle
S. Rashchenko, A. Shatskiy, Konstantin, Litasov
Chapter 7 Phase diagrams of carbonate materials at high-pressures with implication to melting in the deep Earth
Konstantin Litasov, A. Shatskiy, I. Podborodnikov, A. Arefiev
Chapter 8 Spin transition in ferromagnesite in Earth's mantle
J. Liu, S. Fu, Jung-Fu Lin
Chapter 9 Physical and chemical properties of carbonate minerals and CO2-rich melts in the Earth's interior
Vincenzo Stagno, V. Stopponi, M. Masotta, P. Scarlato, C.E. Manning
Chapter 10 The effect of variable Na/K on CO2 solubility in slab-derived rhyolitic melts
Rajdeep Dasgupta, M. Muth, M. Duncan
Chapter 11 Melting of magnesite near subducted slabs: Constraints from high-pressure experiments
Jie Li, F. Zhu, J Liu, J. Dong
Chapter 12 Carbon speciation and solubility in silicate melts
Razvan Caracas, N. Solomatova, R. Cohen
Chapter 13 Hydrous carbonatitic liquids drive CO2 recycling from subducted marls and limestones
Stephano Poli, E. Schettino
Chapter 14 Interactions of water and carbon dioxide in solution
Evan Abramson
Chapter 15 Crystallization of water mediated by carbon
Tianshu Li, Y.F. Bi, B. Cao
Chapter 16 Experimental determination of calcite solubility in H2O-KCl-NaCl-LiCl solutions at 700 °C and 8 kbar
J. Eguchi, I. Daniel, Craig Manning
Chapter 17 The changing character of aqueous and hydrocarbon fluids with pressure
Dimitri Sverjensky, I. Daniel, A.V. Brovarone
Chapter 18 Predicted speciation of carbon in subduction zone fluids
M.R. Guild, Everett Shock
Chapter 19 Energetics of the citric acid cycle in the deep biosphere
P.A. Canovas, Everett Shock
Chapter 20 Quantum simulations of simple dipeptide formation at hydrothermal vent conditions
M.P. Kroonblawd, N. Goldman
Chapter 21 A geologic  Si-O-C  pathway to incorporate carbon in silicates
Alexandra Navrotsky, J. Percival, L. Dobrzhinetskaya, Y. Lin 
Chapter 22 Transforming diamondoids into diamond
S. Park, Y. Lin, W.L. Mao
Chapter 23 Naturally occurring carbonaceous high-pressure phases
Oliver Tschauner
Chapter 24 The deep hydrocarbon cycle
Vladimir Kutcherov, K.S. Ivanov, E.M. Mukhina, A.Y. Serovaiskii
Chapter 25 Physical properties of Fe-Ni-C liquids at high pressures: A combined experimental and theoretical approach
Bin Chen, J. Wang
Chapter 26 Phase and melting relations of Fe3C and carbon in the core
S. Takahashi, Eiji Ohtani, T. Sakai, S. Kamada, S. Ozawa, T. Sakamaki, M. Miyahara, Y. Ito, N. Hirao, Y. Ohishi
Chapter 27 Carbon diffusion in zircon: a combined NRA/SIMS study
Daniel Cherniak, M.F. Schaller, E.B. Watson


 Header image: Deep Water visualization by Ding Pan.

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