PROJECT

American Mineralogist

Earth in Five Reactions: A Deep Carbon Perspective, Summer 2019

The five most important carbon-related reactions on Earth are the central themes of a special issue of American Mineralogist. Fifty DCO scientists from a variety of disciplines came together at a lively workshop in March 2018 to consider, debate, and ultimately agree upon the five most important carbon-related reactions on the planet: hydrogenation/dehydrogenation, carboxylation/decarboxylation, carbonation/decarbonation, aqueous silicate melt/solid, and hydration/dehydration.

These five reactions are providing a new and integrative perspective for scientists to understand and advance deep carbon science, with the potential to establish new frontiers for scientific exploration and investigation.  Papers in the special issue are published online as they are accepted. 

How to cite this special issue: 

Li J, Redfern SAT, Giovannelli D, eds. (2019) Earth in Five Reactions: A Deep Carbon Perspective. Special issue, American Mineralogist

Table of Contents

Click on the titles below to access the papers.

Carbonation and decarbonation reactions: Implications for planetary habitability Stewart EM, Ague JJ, Ferry JM, Schiffries CM, Tao R-B, Isson TT, Planavsky NJ
Carbonation and the Urey reaction Kellogg LH, Lokavarapu H, Turcotte DL
Experimental investigation of FeCO3 (siderite) stability in Earth’s lower mantle using XANES spectroscopy Cerantola V, Wilke M, Kantor I, Ismailova L, Kupenko I, McCammon C, Pascarelli S, LS Dubrovinsky
Deep carbon cycle through five reactions Li J, Redfern SAT, Giovannelli D
Earth in five reactions: Grappling with meaning and value in science Hazen RM
Melting curve minimum of barium carbonate BaCO3 near 5 GPa Dong J, Li J, Zhu F, Li Z, Farawi R

About the Editors

  • Jie Li, University of Michigan
    Jie (Jackie) Li University of Michigan, USA
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    Jie Li, University of Michigan
    Jie (Jackie) Li
    University of Michigan, USA

    Dr. Jie (Jackie) Li is an experimental geochemist and mineral physicist who has spent more than two decades studying material properties at extreme pressures and temperatures and investigating the thermal and chemical evolution history of the Earth and other terrestrial planetary bodies. Her research encompasses a wide spectrum of deep-carbon issues and has tested the hypothesis of hidden carbon in the Earth’s inner core, evaluated carbon distribution during core formation, proposed models involving iron-carbon melt to explain anomalous seismic signals at the Earth’s core-mantle boundary, assessed the fate of subducted carbon in the Earth’s transition, and traced the delivery of carbon from proto-planetary disc to Earth’s surface as an ingredient for life. She is a member of DCO’s Extreme Physics and Chemistry Science Community.

  • Simon Redfern, University of Cambridge
    Simon Redfern University of Cambridge, UK
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    Simon Redfern, University of Cambridge
    Simon Redfern
    University of Cambridge, UK

    Dr. SImon Redfern is a mineral scientist with over 25 years research experience.The author of more than 240 peer reviewed papers (H-index 42), he has worked on a broad range of deep carbon-related research, including the behavior of carbonate minerals in the deep Earth, the biomineralization processes associated with biogenic carbonates in marine organisms (foraminifera), the role of aqueous solutions at deep Earth conditions in transporting or precipitating deep carbon, and the use of diamonds as laboratory tools for the study of materials at extreme conditions. Redfern has acted as journal editor for American Mineralogist, Mineralogical Magazine, and (currently) Frontiers in Earth Sciences: Earth and Planetary Materials, and has spent time as a British Science Association Media Fellow.

  • Donato Giovannelli, Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan
    Donato Giovannelli Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan
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    Donato Giovannelli, Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan
    Donato Giovannelli
    Earth-Life Science Institute, Japan

    Dr. Donato Giovannelli is a microbial ecologist working on the microbiology of extreme environments. He currently holds an appointment as a joint EON Research Fellow at the Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo and Rutgers University, USA He is also  a Visiting Scholar at the Institute of Advanced Studies in Princeton, USA, and an Adjunct Researcher at the National Research Council of Italy. He received a B.Sc. in Marine Biology (2005) and M.Sc. in Marine Ecology (2007) from the Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy. His current research focuses on two major linked themes: 1) the metabolic and taxonomic diversity of prokaryotes in different geothermally influenced marine ecosystems; and 2) the emergence and evolution of early metabolism. Giovannelli is a member of DCO’s Deep Life community, a leader DCO’s synthesis projects Biology Meets Subduction and Earth in Five Reactions, and was a recipient of DCO’s emerging leader award in 2015.

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