Carbon is one of the most important elements on Earth. It is the basis of all life on the planet, is stored and mobilized throughout the Earth from core to crust and is the basis of the energy sources that are so important to human civilization. This issue of Elements will explore the origins of carbon on Earth, the long-term carbon cycle, catastrophic and large-scale perturbations to Earth’s carbon cycle such as large igneous provinces and bolide impacts, carbon’s role in mass extinctions, and icehouse-greenhouse climate transitions in deep-time. Deciphering the complex and often faint signals of distant carbon catastrophes requires a multidisciplinary effort and the most innovative analytical technology. This thematic collection comes at an important time in which carbon fluxes on Earth are changing rapidly. It is crucial that society understands the way in which the deep C-cycle on Earth works, to secure a sustainable future. Publication is set for October 2019.
The topics to be covered include:
- The role of deep-carbon in deep-time, Celina Suarez (University of Arkansas), Marie Edmonds, (Cambridge University), and Adrian Jones (University College London)
- The origins of Earth’s carbon, Sami Mikhail (University of St Andrews) and Evelyn Furi (Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques (CRPG))
- Large and giant bolide impacts and their environmental consequences, Balz S. Kamber (Queensland University of Technology Trinity University) and Joseph A. Petrus (University of Melbourne)
- Deep carbon and the life cycle of Large Igneous Provinces, Ben Black (City University of New York) and Sally Gibson (Cambridge University)
- Carbon cycle perturbations and mass extinctions, Paul Wignall (University of Leeds), Martin Schobben (University of Utrecht) and Bas van de Schootbrugge (University of Utrecht)
- Earth outgassing and icehouse-greenhouse climates in deep time, Ryan N. McKenzie (University of Hong Kong) and Hehe Jiang (Rice University)